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Weapons Transfers and Violations of the Laws of War in Turkey


Éditeur : Human Rights Watch Date & Lieu : 1995, New York
Préface : Pages : 172
Traduction : ISBN : 1-56432-161-4
Langue : AnglaisFormat : 155x230mm
Code FIKP : Liv. Eng. Hrw. Wea. N° 3546Thème : Général

Présentation Table des Matières Introduction Identité PDF
Weapons Transfers and Violations of the Laws of War in Turkey


Weapons Transfers and Violations of the Laws of War in Turkey

Human Rights Watch Arms Project

Human Rights Watch


Since 1984, the Government of Turkey has been mired in an increasingly bitter war with insurgents of the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK). To date, the war’s toll is estimated at over 19,000 deaths, including some 2,000 death-squad killings of suspected PKK sympathizers, two million internally displaced, and more than 2,200 villages burned to the ground, most of which were destroyed by Turkish security forces. In an effort to root out PKK fighters and sympathizers from southeast Turkey, the government has adopted increasingly brutal counterinsurgency measures, in clear violation of international law. The PKK, for its part, has also systematically engaged in violations such as summary executions and indiscriminate fire.
Both before and during this period, Turkey’s NATO partners have extended generous political and military support, helping Turkey to develop a formidable arms industry and supplying it with a steady stream of weapons, often for free or at greatly reduced cost. The U.S. government in particular has been deeply involved in arming Turkey and supporting its arms production capacities. Although several NATO governments have occasionally protested Turkish policies, most have continued to supply Turkey with arms.
This report documents the Turkish security forces’ violations of the laws of war and of human rights, and their reliance on U.S. and NATO-supplied weapons in doing so. Drawing on investigations of twenty-nine incidents that occurred between 1992 and 1995, the report links specific weapons systems to individual incidents of Turkish violations. Supplemented by interviews with former Turkish soldiers, U.S. officials and defense experts, the report concludes that U.S. weapons, as well as those supplied by other NATO members, are regularly used by Turkey to commit severe human rights abuses and violations of the laws of war in the southeast.

 



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