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The Condition of The Working Class In Iran


Auteur : Cosroe Chaqueri
Éditeur : European Committee For The Defence of Democratic Rights of Workers in Iran Date & Lieu : 1978, Florence
Préface : Pages : 476
Traduction : ISBN :
Langue : Allemand, Anglais, FrançaisFormat : 150x205 mm
Code FIKP : Liv. Ang. Cha. Sit. Gen. 457Thème : Général

Présentation
Table des Matières Introduction Identité PDF
The Condition of The Working Class In Iran

The Condition of The Working Class In Iran

Cosroe Chaqueri

European Committee


That Iran has yet to know democracy needs hardly any mention; that she has suffered the most destructive blows at the hands of the ferocious dictatorship1 of the Pahlavis ever since the coup d'état of 1921 is also too well-known; that the opposition in Iran has fought this regime with its meagre means so as to bring about changes is public knowledge as well. What has, however, remained obscure is the conditions of the working masses in that country. No doubt the Left is to be blamed for that! For even at the time when it Was at the apex of its "gauchisme" — to the point of complete paralysis, — it was not as concerned with the fate of the working class as it should have been. The "gauchisme" was disruptive, not constructive ; it was blind refusal of the historical possibility to do what it had claimed. It was not at the service of the working masses; it only paid them lip-service.

As a result, no effort was ever made to know the historical conditions of the genesis and development of this class. Nor was its real struggle even studied, appraised, or used as a lesson.

.....



PREFACE


That Iran has yet to know democracy needs hardly any mention; that she has suffered the most destructive blows at the hands of the ferocious dictatorship1 of the Pahlavis ever since the coup d'état of 1921 is also too well-known; that the opposition in Iran has fought this regime with its meagre means so as to bring about changes is public knowledge as well. What has, however, remained obscure is the conditions of the working masses in that country. No doubt the Left is to be blamed for that! For even at the time when it Was at the apex of its "gauchisme" — to the point of complete paralysis, — it was not as concerned with the fate of the working class as it should have been. The "gauchisme" was disruptive, not constructive ; it was blind refusal of the historical possibility to do what it had claimed. It was not at the service of the working masses; it only paid them lip-service.

As a result, no effort was ever made to know the historical conditions of the genesis and development of this class. Nor was its real struggle even studied, appraised, or used as a lesson.

Today, not knowing what Yesterday was, followed the events blind foldedly into Tomorrow, and after... This is unfortunately still the case. There exists no history of the working people in Iran, in Persian or any of the foreign languages widely known in that country; in Russian, yes, with all the concerous deformations of stalinist historiography.
This publication, as modest as it is, is only an effort to put together what lay idle in archives; it does not pretend to give a view of the ensemble. It should be regarded as a step in the direction of further impartial studies. Needless to say, no one document can be taken to contain "the truth", rather the whole should lead us on to the path of approaching a general understanding of the conditions the working people of Iran lived in. The slanted opinions therein, no doubt, cannot be ours; the reprinting of the labour legislation should, in no way, imply our approval thereof; nor their veritable application in that land, where even individual partners of the medieval tyranny, despite the heavy burden of the crimes committed which they carry, are not spared.

It goes without saying that this volume, despite, its size and in spite of the rich information it contains, cannot throw light on the present conditions of working masses in Iran. Our aim has been to arouse the interest of those concerned with the labour movement around the world and to share with them this historical knowledge. As for the present, we hope to provide them— soon— with another volume. As it is, the working masses of Iran are deprived of their most elementary democratic rights; our hope is that those who can help will not refrain from doing so.

Cosroe Chaquèri
Sept. 1978

1) Except for the short period of Dr. Mossadiq's government between May 1951 and August 1953.



Acknowledgement

We would like to express our gratitude to a number of friends who have helped in the making of this documentary history of the Iranian labour movement. Their help in research, translation and typing has been indispensable. Our thanks are also due to the Public Record Office and the Archives of Auswertiges Amt (respectively London and Bonn) for having made certain documents available to us. It must also be recorded that if the production of this publication suffers from technical shortcomings, it is merely due to financial difficulties , similar to those in which the working class lives inside Iran.
C.C.



Declaration of Aims

European Committee for the Defence of Democratic Rights of Workers in Iran


A - To inform public opinion, especially the working masses around the world through their unions and the democratic press on the working and living conditions of the workers in Iran;
B- To mobilise public opinion support, especially that of workers' for the defence of democratic rights of workers in Iran, namely:

1- to organise their trade unions freely and without the intervention of governmental agencies or political parties whatsoever;
2- to fight freely and without any government hindrance for the establishment of their economic, political, and social status;
3- to strike for the defence and advancement of their interests ;
4- to struggle as organisations, both on local and national levels, for advanced labour legislation and the abrogation of the existing anti-labour laws;
5- to affiliate freely with international labour organisations and to participate in international gatherings without any governmental hindrance;
6- to solidarise freely with their brethren in other countries.

N.B. -This Committee is not affiliated to any political party inside or outside Iran.




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