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The Internally Displaced Kurds of Turkey


Éditeur : KHRP Date & Lieu : 2007, London
Préface : Pages : 116
Traduction : ISBN : 978-1-905592-12-8
Langue : AnglaisFormat : 148x210 mm
Thème : Politique

Présentation
Table des Matières Introduction Identité PDF
The Internally Displaced Kurds of Turkey

The Internally Displaced Kurds of Turkey: Ongoing Issues of Responsibility, Redress and Resettlement

September 2007

Kurdish Human Rights Project is an independent, non-political human rights organisation founded and based in London, England. A registered charity, it is dedicated to promoting and protecting the human rights of all people in the Kurdish regions of Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Syria and elsewhere, irrespective of race, religion, sex, political persuasion or other belief or opinion. Its supporters include Kurdish and non-Kurdish people.


Table des Matières

CONTENTS

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS / 13
FOREWORD / 15

PART ONE: HISTORICAL OVERVIEW:
THE KURDS AND DISPLACEMENT / 17
A. A Brief History of the Kurds / 17
B. The Origins of Internal Displacement in Turkey / 18
PART TWO: VILLAGE EVACUATION DURING THE 1990s CONFLICT / 25
A. The PKK Conflict and the State of Emergency: 1984 – 1999 / 25
B. Village Evacuation in the 1990s / 27

PART THREE: TURKEY’S INTERNATIONAL OBLIGATIONS
TOWARDS THE INTERNALLY DISPLACED / 29
A. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights / 29
B. The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights / 30
C. Common Article 3 and Protocol II of the Geneva
Conventions of 1949 / 31
D. The United Nations Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement / 35
E. The European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and / 38

PART FOUR: EU ACCESSION AND THE PROBLEM OF THE
INTERNALLY DISPLACED / 43
A. Assessment of Turkish Reforms / 44
B. The Hacettepe Survey / 45

PART FIVE: TURKISH PROGRAMMES OF RETURN
AND RESETTLEMENT / 49
A. Centralised Villages Project / 50
B. Return to Village Project of the Southeast Restoration Project / 52
C. Return to Village and Rehabilitation Project / 54
D. East and Southeast Anatolia Action Plan / 59
PART SIX: OVERVIEW AND ASSESSMENT OF THE
COMPENSATION LAW / 61
A. The Compensation Mechanism / 62
B. Criticisms of the Compensation Law / 64
1. Exclusion from Compensation / 64
2. Unrealistic Demands for Evidence and Other Evidentiary Issues / 68
3. Lack of Independence and Conflicts of Interest / 72
4. Exclusion of Non-Pecuniary Damages / 74
5. Delay in Processing Claims / 75
6. No Possibility of Return / 77
7. Inadequate Mechanisms for Appeal in Domestic and International / 78
8. Lack of Legal Assistance for Applicants / 80
9. The Question of Payment / 82
10. Arbitrary Calculations and Reductions in Awards / 83

PART SEVEN: CONDITIONS AND DIFFICULTIES FACED
BY INTERNALLY DISPLACED KURDS / 87
A. The Security Situation / 87
1. Resurgence in Armed Clashes and Intimidation / 87
2. The Village Guards / 89
3. Landmines / 91
4. Climate of Impunity / 91
B. Access to Resources, Public Services and Infrastructure / 93
1. Education / 94
2. Socio-economic Disadvantage / 94
3. Social issues / 95

PART EIGHT: THE WAY FORWARD / 99
APPENDIX 1: Law 5233 / 105
APPENDIX 2: Law 5442 / 113




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