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A history of modern Iran


Éditeur : Cambridge University Press Date & Lieu : 2008, New York
Préface : Pages : 228
Traduction : ISBN : 13 978-0-521-52891-7
Langue : AnglaisFormat : 140x210 mm
Code FIKP : Liv. En.Thème : Politique

Présentation
Table des Matières Introduction Identité PDF
A history of modern Iran

A history of modern Iran

Ervand Abrahamian

Cambridge university press


In a radical reappraisal of Iran’s modern history, Ervand Abrahamian traces its traumatic journey across the twentieth century, through the discovery of oil, imperial interventions, the rule of the Pahlavis, and, in 1979, revolution and the birth of the Islamic Republic. In the intervening years, Iran has experienced a bitter war with Iraq, the transformation of society under the rule of the clergy, and, more recently, the expansion of the state and the struggle for power between the old elites, the intelligentsia, and the commercial middle class. The author, who is one of the most distinguished historians writing on Iran today, is a compassionate expositor. While he adroitly negotiates the twists and turns of the country’s regional and international politics, at the heart of his book are the people of Iran, who have endured and survived a century of war and revolution. It is to them and their resilience that this book is dedicated, as Iran emerges at the beginning of the twenty-first century as one of the most powerful states in the Middle East.



Ervand Abrahamian is Distinguished Professor of History at Baruch College and Graduate Center, City University of New York. His previous publications include The Iranian Mojahedin (1989), Khomeinism (1993), and Tortured Confessions (1999).

 


Table des Matières


Contents

List of maps page / viii
List of illustrations / ix
List of tables / xi
List of figures / xii
Chronology / xiii
Glossary / xv
A political who’s who of modern Iran / xvii
Preface / xxvii

Introduction / 1
1 “Royal despots”: state and society under the Qajars / 8
2 Reform, revolution, and the Great War / 34
3 The iron fist of Reza Shah / 63
4 The nationalist interregnum / 97
5 Muhammad Reza Shah’s White Revolution / 123
6 The Islamic Republic / 155

Notes / 196
Bibliography / 215
Further reading / 218
Index / 224



Maps

1 Iran and the Middle East page / xxix
2 Iranian provinces / xxx

 

 



Illustrations

1 Coronation stamp, 1926 / 66
2 Road construction stamp, 1934 / 78
3 Stamps set depicting Pahlavi ideology, 1935 / 78
3.1 Persepolis / 78
3.2 Tehran airport / 78
3.3 Sanatorium near Tehran / 79
3.4 Cement factory in Abdul qAzim / 79
3.5 Gunboat / 79
3.6 Railway bridge over Karun / 80
3.7 Tehran post office / 80
3.8 Justice: woman with scales and sword / 80
3.9 Education: angel teaching youth / 80
4 Stamp set celebrating ancient Iran / 81
4.1 Persepolis: ruins of Main Palace / 81
4.2 Persepolis: lion carving / 81
4.3 Persepolis: Darius / 81
4.4 Persepolis: warrior / 82
4.5 Pasaraga: Cyrus’ tomb / 82
4.6 Carving at Naqsh-e Rostam: God Mazda’s investiture of Ardashir / 82
4.7 Carving at Naqsh-e Rostam: Shahpour accepting Emperor Valerian’s submission / 83
5 Stamps (1963–78) / 135
5.1 Set celebrating aspects of the White Revolution / 135
5.2 Set commemorating Reza Shah / 136
5.3 Stamp set commemorating the fiftieth anniversary of the Pahlavi dynasty / 137
6 Statue of Shah Muhammad Reza Pahlavi during the revolution. Tehran, February 1979. Copyright Abbas/Magnum Photos / 160
7 Woman passing soldiers during the revolution, Tehran, 1978. Copyright Abbas-Magnum Photos / 160
8 Stamps from the Islamic Republic / 170
8.1 Stamps for the forerunners of the Islamic Revolution / 170
8.2 Stamp for Ayatollah Kashani / 171
8.3 Two stamps for Ayatollah Beheshti and the seventy-two martyrs / 171
8.4 Stamps issued by the Bazargan government for al-e Ahmad, Shariati, Mossadeq, and Dehkhoda / 172
8.5 Anniversary stamps for the Islamic Revolution / 173



Tables

1 Vital statistics / 6
2 Communal composition of Iran, 1900 / 18
3 Government budgets, 1925–26 and 1940–41 / 69
4 Expansion of public education, 1923–24 and 1940–41 / 84
5 Changes in place names / 88
6 Changes in state terminology / 88
7 Prime ministers, 1941–53 / 102
8 Oil revenues, 1954–76 / 124
9 Prime ministers, 1953–77 / 129
10 Military expenditures, 1954–77 / 132
11 Industrial production, 1953–77 / 134
12 Urban household expenditures, 1959–60 and 1973–74 / 141
13 Oil revenues, 1977–94 / 175
14 Presidents, 1980–2007 / 187



Figures

1 Class structure (labor force in the 1970 s) / 140
2 Chart of the Islamic Constitution / 165

 




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