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Primitive Rebels or Revolutionary Modernizers?


Auteur : Paul J. White
Éditeur : Zed Books Date & Lieu : 2000, London - New York
Préface : Pages : 260
Traduction : ISBN : 1 85649 821 2 cased
Langue : AnglaisFormat : 145x220 mm
Code FIKP : Liv. Ang. Whi. Pri. 3047Thème : Politique

Présentation
Table des Matières Introduction Identité PDF
Primitive Rebels or Revolutionary Modernizers?

Primitive Rebels or Revolutionary Modernizers?

Paul J. White

Zed Books


This is the best scholarly analysis yet written on the PKK. It contextualises fully the Kurdish nationalist movement within the history and politics of Turkey during the last three decades as well as its transnational significance. Everyone interested in the history and politics of the Kurds, Turkey, the Middle East and the emergence and evolution of nationalist movements will want to read this book. It will be difficult in future to understand the great importance of the ‘Kurdish question’ in the Middle East and global politics in the 1990s and in the first decades of the 21st century without reading White’s book. Professor Robert Olson, University of Kentucky White’s book is refreshing because it shows that the ‘unaccomplished’ nature of modernity can produce paradoxical consequences. It opens new perspectives in the understanding of a wide range of nationalist movements across the world. Hamit Bozarslan, Ecole des Hautes Etudes et Sciences Sociales



Dr Paul J. White
teaches Middle Eastern studies at Deakin University. A Kurdish studies specialist, he has contributed numerous papers and articles to learned journals, particularly on the Kurdish question. He is the editor (with William S. Logan) of Remaking the Middle East (Berg Publishers, 1997). He is a member of the editorial board of the Journal of Arabic, Islamic and Middle Eastern Studies and serves on the board of directors of the Kurdish Institute, Washington, DC.

 


Table des Matières


Contents


Preface / vii

1 The Kurds as Primitive Rebels / 1
State-building and the rise of national consciousness / 3
The politics of ethnic identity / 6
Economic modernization, civil society, democratization and citizenship / 6
Weber’s ‘charismatic authority’ /io Leadership types / 11

2 Who are the Kurds? / 14
Origins of the Kurds / 14
Defining the Kurds / 14
Kurdish Tribalism / 17
The transition to a market economy / 22
A launching pad for democratization? / 25

2 Kurdish Religious and Ethnic Divisions / 30
Sunni Islam / 30
Sufi Tarikats /30
The Nurcu movement / 35
Fazilet Partisi / 37
The ‘Alevi Kurds’ / 41
Dailam and the Dailamites / 43
Kurds, Kizilbash and Zazas / 47

4 The Development of the Kurdish National Movement in Turkey: 1879-1965     / 54
The Ottoman Empire / 54
Ottoman legitimacy / 55
Fragmentation of the millets / 56
Kurdish national movement emerges / 57
The Sheikh Ubaydallah rebellions / 58
Young Turk rebellion / 63
The Treaty of Sevres / 70
The Koçgiri rebellion / 70
Sheikh Said rebellion / 73
The Ararat rising / 76
The Dersim rebellion / 79
Primitive rebels or revolutionary modernizers? / 84

5 The Political Economy of Turkish Kurdistan / 93
Asiatic and feudal modes of production / 93
Nomadic livestock-raising / 96
Growth of Kurdish land ownership / 98
Industrial development / 100
Economic liberalization and its effects on Turkish Kurdistan / 103
GAP - the Southern Anatolia Project / 110 Devletfilik and stunted industry / 112
A Kurdish proletariat in Turkish Kurdistan? / 113
Migration and immigration / 121
Kurds and economic modernization / 122

6 The Kurdish National Movement and the Turkish Left: 1965-99 / 129
Introduction / 129
The 1960s political resurgence in Turkey / 130
The Kurdish reawakening / 131
The Partiya Karkeren Kurdistan / 134
PKK relations with Iraqi Kurdish parties / 136
PKK ideology and the ‘Kurdish personality’ / 136
The PKK and the ‘real’ Kurdish personality / 139
PKK strategy and tactics / 142
The PKK’s treatment of internal critics / 144
Paranoia and mercy? / 146
The PKK and the Turkish left / 148
Marxism and clas's struggle / 153
The PKK’s social base / 155
Partiya Sosyalist a Kurdistan / 156

7 From Serihildan to Europe / 162
Ozal’s bold proposals / 162
From Serihildan to ceasefire / 164
From ceasefire to parliamentary Kurdish nationalism / 167
The failure of parliamentary Kurdish nationalism / 170
The state and ‘mystery killings’ / 171
From total war to Europe / 172
PKK expansion into Europe / 175
The PKK’s search for legal-rational legitimation / 177
Ocalan intervenes in Europe / 180
The PKK’s reorientation / 183
Ramifications of Abdullah Ocalan’s capture / 187
Leadership succession in the PKK / 189
Bandits, terrorists, child kidnappers and drug-dealers? / 191
Extortion / 192
Terrorism / 194
Abduction of children / 196
Drug-dealers? / 198

8 Conclusion: Leadership in the Kurdish National Movement Today / 205
Eric Hobsbawm’s ‘primitive rebels’ / 206
Kurdish statebuilding and democratization / 207
Max Weber’s charismatic leadership / 209
Ocalan’s political project decoded / 216
An incomplete process of modernization / 217

Appendix 1 PKK ‘People's Court’: 27 June 1992 Mahsum Korkmaz Akademisi / 220

Appendix 2 PKK Chronology / 222

Bibliography / 228

Index / 251




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