Iraq: Human rights abuses in Iraqi Kurdistan since 1991
Wide-ranging and serious human rights abuses have been committed by the Kurdish administration and political parties in those regions of Iraqi Kurdistan which have been under their control since 1991. These abuses include the detention of suspected political opponents, among them possible prisoners of conscience; torture and ill-treatment of political and common law detainees and the failure to investigate such abuses adequately; the use of the death penalty and the enactment of legislation increasing the number of offences punishable by death; executions after summary "trials"; and unlawful and deliberate killings of unarmed prisoners and assassinations of political activists and others.
This report is based on research carried out by Amnesty International over the past three years, including five fact-finding visits to the region between May 1992 and July 1994. During these visits, Amnesty International ...