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Multinational Democracies


Éditeur : Cambridge University Press Date & Lieu : 2001, Cambridge
Préface : Charles Taylor Pages : 411
Traduction : ISBN : 0-521-80029-3
Langue : AnglaisFormat : 155x230 mm
Thème : Politique

Présentation
Table des Matières Introduction Identité PDF
Multinational Democracies

Multinational Democracies

This excellent collection explores important new ground. The authors of these chapters examine the constitutive tensions at the heart of contemporary democratic societies.

These societies are in fact the site of two opposite tendencies. On the one hand, they require a new kind of unity and homogeneity which earlier, autocratic or hierarchical societies never needed. On the other hand, they are becoming more and more diverse. The need for unity comes from the conditions of legitimacy which belong to a democratic society. We can see this in a number of ways, three of which are especially evident.

First, democratic societies construe the ensemble of citizens as a `people'; that is, as a unit of deliberation and decision. Yet, in order to sustain what can be recognized as a common deliberation, a people has to have a minimal common focus, a set of agreed goals, or principles, or concerns, about which they can debate, argue and struggle. Once they drift apart, with different segments focusing on different things, it becomes hard to construe the upshot as the answer to a common question. But then this upshot begins to lose legitimacy for those who no longer see it as the answer to their question.

If a minority, for instance, comes to see the majority as concerned exclusively for its good, rather than that of the whole, they will begin to feel that they are no longer included in this `people'. Then, according to the very logic of democracy, they are no longer bound by the decisions arrived at without any concern for them...

Charles Taylor


Table des Matières

Contents

Notes on the contributors / vii
Foreword by Charles Taylor / xiii
Acknowledgements / xvi

Introduction / 1
james tully

Part I Justice and stability in multinational democracies / 35
1 So many nations, so few states: territory and nationalism in the global era  / 39
Michael Keating

2 Political stability in multinational democracies: comparing language dynamics in Brussels, Montreal and Barcelona / 65
Dominique Arel

3 Justice and stability in multinational societies / 90
Wayne Norman

4 Political liberalism in multinational states: the legitimacy of plural and asymmetrical federalism / 110
Ferran Requejo

Part II Struggles over recognition and institutions of accommodation / 133
5 Federalism, federation and collective identities in Canada and Belgium: different routes, similar fragmentation / 137
Dimitrios Karmis and Alain-G. Gagnon

6 Recognition claims, partisan politics and institutional constraints: Belgium, Spain and Canada in a comparative perspective / 176
François Rocher, Christian Rouillard and André Lecours

7 Ethnoterritorial concurrence in multinational societies: the Spanish comunidades autonomas / 201
Luis Moreno

8 Mutual recognition and the accommodation of national diversity: constitutional justice in Northern Ireland / 222
Shane O'neill

9 Federalist language policies: the cases of Canada and Spain / 242
Pierre Coulombe

10 Competing national visions: Canada-Quebec relations in a comparative perspective / 257
Michael Burgess

Part III Modes of reconciliation and conflict management / 275
11 Liberal citizenship in multinational societies / 279
Alan Patten

12 Nationality in divided societies / 299
David Miller

13 The moral foundation of asymmetrical federalism: a normative exploration of the case of Quebec and Canada / 319
Alain-G. Gagnon

14 Federalism and the management of conflict in multinational societies / 338
Richard Simeon and Daniel-Patrick Conway

References / 366
Index / 378




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