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Crimes of the community, honour - based violence in the UK


Éditeur : Centre for Social Cohesion Date & Lieu : 2008, London
Préface : Pages : 168
Traduction : ISBN : 978-1-903386-64-4
Langue : AnglaisFormat : 190x245 mm
Code FIKP : Liv. Ang.Thème : Sociologie

Présentation
Table des Matières Introduction Identité PDF
Crimes of the community, honour - based violence in the UK

Crimes of the community, honour-based violence in the UK

James Brandon

Centre for Social Cohesion

In recent years, honour crimes have received an increasing amount of interest from the media, the police and politicians. This has been fuelled by the extensive coverage of the murder of several young Kurdish and Pakistani women by their families. This growing public concern has been largely welcomed by women’s groups and has prompted the government to take steps to tackle these crimes. However the media’s focus on honour killings and, to a lesser extent, forced marriages and Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) has obscured the true scale of honour-based crime. Honour killings represent only the tip of the iceberg in terms of violence and abuse perpetrated against women in the name of honour.


Table des Matières


Contents

Introduction / 1

Chapter 1
Origins of honour / 3
Introduction / 3
Sexual honour / 3
- Origins of an idea / 3
- Honour today / 4
Advantages of honour / 5
Common ways in which honour can be damaged / 6
Consequences of losing one’s honour / 8

Chapter 2
Forced marriage / 9
Introduction / 9
Motives for forced marriage / 12
Abuses related to forced marriage / 15
- Physical violence / 16
- Psychological and emotional violence / 17
- Isolation, imprisonment and withdrawal from school / 18
- Kidnapping and being forced to travel abroad / 19
Abuses after a forced marriage / 21
- Rape / 21
- Abandonment / 22
- Depression, self harm and suicide resulting from forced marriages 24

Chapter 3
Honour-based Domestic Violence / 27
Introduction / 27
Forms of honour-based violence / 28
- Defying parental authority / 28
- Acting ‘western / 31
- Control by in-laws / 33
- Drug and alcohol abuse / 34
- Economic factors / 35

Chapter / 4
Honour Killings / 37
Introduction / 37
How many honour killings in the UK? / 37
Honour killings among people of South Asian origin / 39
Profiling South Asian killings / 41
- Killings by close relatives and in-laws / 41
- Women’s involvement in murder / 44
- Role of religion and caste / 45
- Killings by extended families / 47
- Pre-planned attacks / 50
- Killing of children / 51
- Killings abroad / 53
Kurdish honour killings / 54
- Kurdish women killed for becoming ‘western’ / 55
- Killers arriving from Kurdistan/Kurdish women being killed abroad / 57
- Ritualised nature of Kurdish honour killings / 59
Arabs and others / 60
Men as victims of honour-killing / 63

Chapter 5
Female Genital Mutilation / 65
Introduction / 65
Origins of the practice / 66
Muslim attitudes to FGM / 67
Attitude of other religions / 69
FGM in the UK / 71
- African / 72
- Arab / 74
- Kurdish / 75
- South Asian / 76
- Other groups / 77

Chapter 6
Barriers to change / 78
Introduction: the reinforcing of traditional attitudes / 78
Community attempts to block change / 79
- Imported wives and husbands / 79
- Segregation and self-segregation / 82
- Islamist groups / 85
- Community and religious leaders / 88
Deterrents to women fleeing abuse / 94
- Women being tracked down by community based groups / 94
Violence and threats against women’s groups and refuges / 97
Difficulties of getting religious divorces / 98
- Islamic marriages / 98
- Sikh divorces / 101
Government failures / 102
- Local government schools failures / 103
- Government employees failing to uphold law / 104
- ‘No recourse to public funds’ rule / 107
Wrong government partners/advisors / 111
- Muslim Council of Britain (MCB) / 111
- Southall Black Sisters / 112
Policing failures / 114
Summary: Barriers to change / 118

Chapter 7
Breaking the tradition / 119
Introduction / 119
Explaining changing attitudes / 122
- Increased exposure to alternative cultures and lifestyles / 122
Role of NGOs / 125
- Working with children: challenging traditions / 126
- Working with adults: changing attitudes / 128
- Working with women / 128
- Working with men / 131
Role of progressive religious groups / 131
Government successes / 134
- Growing police awareness / 134
- Foreign and Commonwealth Office / 137
- Legislation / 139

Chapter 8
Recomendations: how the government can accelerate change / 141
- Low impact / 144
- Medium impact / 145
- High impact / 145

Chapter 9
Conclusion / 147
Appendix / 150
Bibliography / 158
Acknowledgements / 159




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