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A peace to end all peace


Auteur : David Fromkin
Éditeur : Avon Books Date & Lieu : 1990, New York
Préface : Pages : 676
Traduction : ISBN : 0-380-71300-4
Langue : AnglaisFormat : 135x205 mm
Code FIKP : Liv. Ang. Fro. Pea. Gen. 2802Thème : Général

Présentation
Table des Matières Introduction Identité PDF
A peace to end all peace

A peace to end all peace

David Fromkin

Avon Books


The Middle East, as we know it from today’s headlines, emerged from decisions made by the Allies during and after the First World War. In the pages that follow I set out to tell in one volume the wide-ranging story of how and why—and out of what hopes and fears, loves and hatreds, mistakes and misunderstandings—these decisions were made.

Russian and French official accounts of what they were doing in the Middle East at that time were, not unnaturally, works of propaganda; British official accounts—and even the later memoirs of the officials concerned—were untruthful too. British officials who played a major role in the making of these decisions provided a version of events that was, at best, edited and, at worst, fictitious. They sought to hide their meddling in Moslem religious affairs (pages 96—105) and to pretend that they had entered the Middle East as patrons of Arab independence—a cause in which they did not in fact believe. Moreover, the Arab Revolt that formed the centerpiece of their narrative occurred not so ...


Table des Matières


Contents


List of Illustrations and Maps / 10
Photo Credits / 11
Acknowledgments / 12
A Note on Spelling / 14
Introduction / 15

PART I At the Crossroads of History
1 The Last Days of Old Europe / 23
2 The Legacy of the Great Game in Asia / 26
3 The Middle East Before the War / 33
4 The Young Turks Urgently Seek an Ally / 45
5 Winston Churchill on the Eve of War / 51
6 Churchill Seizes Turkey’s Warships / 54
7 An Intrigue at the Sublime Porte / 62

Part II Kitchener of Khartoum Looks Ahead
8 Kitchener Takes Command / 79
9 Kitchener’s Lieutenants / 88
10 Kitchener Sets Out to Capture Islam / 96
11 India Protests / 106
12 The Man in the Middle / 111

Part III Britain is Drawn into the Middle Eastern Quagmire
13 The Turkish Commanders Almost Lose the War / 119
14 Kitchener Allows Britain to Attack Turkey / 124
15 On to Victory at The Dardanelles / 130
16 Russia’s Grab For Turkey / 137
17 Defining Britain’s Goals In The Middle East / 146
18 At The Narrows of Fortune / 150
19 The Warriors / 155
20 The Politicians / 159
21 The Light That Failed / 163
22 Creating the Arab Bureau / 168
23 Making Promises to The Arabs / 173
24 Making Promises to the European Allies / 188
25 Turkey’s Triumph At The Tigris / 200
PART IV Subversion
26 Behind Enemy Lines / 207
27 Kitchener's Last Mission / 216
28 Hussein’s Revolt / 218

Part V The Allies at the Nadir of Their Fortunes
29 The Fall Of The Allied Governments: Britain And France / 231
30 The Overthrow Of The Czar / 239

Part VI New Worlds And Promised Lands
31 The New World / 253
32 Lloyd George’s Zionism / 263
33 Toward The Balfour Declaration / 276
34 The Promised Land / 284

Part VII Invading The Middle East
35 Jerusalem For Christmas / 305
36 The Road To Damascus / 315
37 The Battle For Syria / 332

Part VIII The Spoils Of Victory
38 The Parting Of The Ways / 351
39 By The Shores Of Troy / 363

Part IX The Tide Goes Out
40 The Ticking Clock / 383
41 Betrayal / 389
42 The Unreal World Of The Peace Conferences / 403

Part X Storm Over Asia
43 The Troubles Begin: 1919-1921 / 415
44 Egypt: The Winter Of 1918-1919 / 417
45 Afghanistan: The Spring Of 1919 / 421
46 Arabia: The Spring Of 1919 / 424
47 Turkey: January 1920 / 427




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