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Memoires, Iraq & Kurdistan (1908 - 1923)


Auteur :
Éditeur : New Hope Date & Lieu : 2007, Birmingham
Préface : Pages : 584
Traduction : ISBN : 978-0-9555299-1-7
Langue : FrançaisFormat : 155x230 mm
Code FIKP : Liv. Ang. Hil. Mem. 2663Thème : Mémoire

Présentation
Table des Matières Introduction Identité PDF
Memoires, Iraq & Kurdistan (1908 - 1923)


Memoires, Iraq & Kurdistan (1908 - 1923)

Refîq Hilmî

New hope


In 1998 i.e. one century after the Birth of my father I published the English translation of Volume I of his Memoirs (Yaddasht) promising the rest at a later stage. It was not intended that that stage will be 9 years. However a number of unfortunate events and reasons meant that I could not complete the job until now.

Besides this, many momentous events and upheavals have occurred since 1998. The attack on the World Trade Centre towers in New York, invasion of Afghanistan followed by that of Iraq, and the horrendous murder and mayhem which have been committed for the past four years have added great urgency to the need for telling the story describing the first British invasion of Iraq at the beginning of the First World War.

The reader may be well aware of the goings-on in Iraq today; all the lies and deception; the fraudulent “elections”; the declared “humanitarian” aims to justify Genocide and highway robbery of Iraq’s resources; the threat of the lurking evil from which the country has to be “saved”; the “liberation” of occupied and exploited colonies from their ...


Table des Matières


Table of Contents


Volume I / 3
Part 1 / 3
Book One / 3

De'ja'vue / 5
Preface / 17
Author’s Introduction to Part One / 33
1 / 37
The War Is Over! / 37
2 / 39
Surrender / 39
The Ottoman Empire after the Treaty / 39
3 / 43
Mustafa Kama! in Anatolia / 43
The Cabinet of Farid Pasha and Mustafa Kamal / 47
4 / 51
The Empire Signs at Sevres / 51
(Article 62) / 52
(Article 63) / 52
(Article 64) / 52
5 / 55
The Treaty of Sevres / 57
6 / 59
Kamal Turns against the Kurds / 59
7 / 61
The Sixteenth-Century Treaty of Union / 61
The Kurdish Principalities and the Ottoman Sultan Saleem the First / 61
8 / 65
Centuries of Oppressio / 65
9 / 67
In the Aftermath / 67
Southern Kurdistan, During the Last Days of the First World War / 67
10 / 71
Who is Sheikh Mahmud and what do we know about his Life Style? / 71
The Mosul Scandal / 77
and the Murder of Sheikh Sa’id and his son Sheikh Ahmad / 77
12 / 83
The Return of Sheikh Mahmud to Slêmanî / 83
After Sheikh Mahmud’s Return to Slêmanî / 87
13 / 89
The First World War and Sheikh Mahmud / 89
Return of the British to Kirkuk / 95
14 / 99
The Arrival of Captain Noel in Slêmanî / 99
15 / 103
Ruler of Kurdistan / 103
16 / 107
Sheikh Mahmud and the Peace Conference / 107
17 / 109
The Situation in SlemanT during the First Period of Sheikh Mahmud’s Rule / 109
18 / 113
Major Noel’s Journey in Turkey Accompanied by Fa’iq-i Tapo / 113
to Drum up Support for the Independent Kurdish State / 113
19 / 117
Slêmanî after Noel’s Departure / 117
Slêmanî during Soane's Rule / 117
20 / 123
What were Sheikh Mahmud and his Government Doing? / 123
21 / 127
My Return to Koysinjaq with Captain Beale / 127
Beale was the unparalleled "Wrath" of the Almighty / 131
22 / 133
The Decline of Sheikh Mahmud's Influence / 133
Among the Tribes / 133
Sheikh Ameen of Sindolan / 134

Volume 1 / 139
Part 2 / 139
Book Two / 139

23 / 141
Introduction to Part Two / 141
24 / 143
Another Example of / 143
British Intrigue / 143
aimed at reducing Sheikh Mahmud's influence / 143
Ahmad Nuri / 143
The Post and Telegraph Inspector / 143
25 / 147
The Appearance of the Start of Sheikh Mahmud's Revolt / 147
26 / 151
My Trip to Rawandiz with Beale / 151
27 / 153
Sheikh Mahmud’s First Revolt and its Outcome / 153
Secret Post-Midnight Talks between Sheikh Mahmud and Simko / 157
Turkish awareness of the Secret Discussions between Sheikh Mahmud, Simko and me / 163
Tayer Ameen Afendi Masraf, Sheikh Mahmud and the Turks / 165
Agreement between / 167
the Kurds and the Turks on Sheikh Mahmud’s Requirements / 167
The British at Kirkuk and Major Soane were in Real Pain / 169
28 / 179
The Situation in Rawandiz during the Darband Battle / 179
29 / 187
Sheikh Mahmud’s Error in this Rebellion / 187
Rawandiz & I, after Beale's Departure to Hewler / 188
My Arrest in Rawandiz and Dispatch to Koya Prison / 190
30 / 193
My Life in Prison / 193
31 / 199
The "Friendly” Indian / 199
32 / 207
Abdulla Agha-i Haji Tayer Agha-i Hawezi / 207
33 / 211
My Release from Prison / 211
34 / 213
The Trial of Sheikh Mahmud / 213
in Baghdad and his Exile to the Andaman / 213
Islands / 213
35 / 221
The Greek Army Invasion of Turkish Territory / 221
36 / 225
The fall of Venizelos's Government / 225
The Outcome of Bakir Sami's Efforts and his Agreements with France and Italy / 233
37 / 237
News of the Kurdish Question in Istanbul / 237
38 / 243
Mustafa Kamal and the Kurds / 243
(Sheikh Mahmud Died!) / 243
39 / 249
Specific Factors Contributing to Mustafa Kamal's Success / 249
Some Special Reasons / 249

Volume II / 253
Parti / 253
Book Three / 253

40 / 259
After the Turkish and Greek Battles and Turkish Victory ..259
41 / 265
After Sending Sheikh Mahmud to India / 265
The Conditions in Kurdistan / 265
42 / 267
The Revolt of the Iraqi Kurds in Amedt (Amadiya) and Akre (Aqra) / 267
43 / 277
The Coming of Ozdemir Pasha to Rawandiz / 277
44 / 285
In SlemanT after my Release / 285
45 / 289
An Encounter with the Major / 289
46 / 297
Sayid Taha of Shamdinan and the Kurdish Question / 297
47 / 301
The Kurds themselves / 301
Shared in the Failure of the Kurdish Cause / 301
The Return of Mustafa Pasha Yamulki to Slêmanî / 303
48 / 305
Iraq under the Mandate / 305
49 / 313
Summary of the Kurdish and Arab Revolutions in Iraq (1919-1922) / 313
80 / 343
Hamdi Beg-i Baban / 343
51 / 351
Mustafa Kamal’s Revolution in Turkey / 351
52 / 353
Turkish Designs for Mosul / 353

Volume II / 359
Part 2 / 359
Book Four / 359

Open Letter to all the esteemed critics / 363
Our Meeting at the home of Azmi Beg-i Baban / 365
53 / 371
Hamdi Beg’s Arrival in Slêmanî / 371
54 / 377
The Kurdistan Independence Society / 377
55 / 379
The Battle between the Kurds and the British at the Ranya Darband / 379
The British Conference in Cairo and the Discussion of the Kurdish and Arab Issues / 380
56 / 387
The Fate of the Independence Society / 387
57 / 393
A Telegram from Kirkuk / 393
I was close to becoming Ahmad Agha’s Agent And later his Clerk / 393
We wanted to establish a Library / 397
I was appointed Teacher in Kirkuk at the Dhafar (Victory) School. 401
58 / ֡407
The Najma Newspaper / 407
59 / 413
I Had Been Misledl / 413
60 / 415
The Day I was Fired / 415
61 / 419
Another Page from the Revolution of the Iraqi Arabs / 419
62 / 427
British Political Organisations in Iraq / 427
63 / 437
The Outcome of the Revolution in Iraq / 437
Iraq and Faisal’s Accession to the Throne / 437
The Kurdish Question / 437
Faisal in Syria / 443
64 / 451
Faisal was Crowned King of Syria / 451
65 / 459
How the Turks Achieved their Goals in the Conferences / 459
The London Conference and the Kurds / 460
The Question of Kurds and Armenians / 463

Volume II / 467
Part 3 / 467
Book Five / 467

A Plea and a Minor Correction / 471
The First Cabinet of / 473
Sayid Abdul Rahman / 473
Al-Naqeeb and the Kurdish Question / 473
Discussion of the Kurdish Question / 483
For the Attention of the Royal Palace of His Hashimite Majesty / 491
66 / 499
The Anglo-lraqi Treaty / 499
How the Founding Council Was Convened / 501
And the Valiant Efforts of the People / 501
How the Treaty was Pushed Through / 505
The Peace Conference and the Kurdish Question / 507
The British and the Arabs / 511
67 / 517
Turkish Meddling and Intrigue / 517
The Society of Kurdistan / 523
68 / 525
Back to Teaching / 525
Mustafa Pasha and Isma’il Agha-i Shukak (Simko) / 529
The Mosul Question / 533
And the Second-round Government of Sheikh Mahmud / 533
The conditions in Slemani Prior to the Return of Sheikh Mahmud / 541
The Ceremony of Raising of the Kurdistan Flag / 541
Raising the Flag of Kurdistan / 545
69 / 546
I did not see Sheikh Qadir until the Return of Sheikh Mahmud / 547
70 / 549
The Return of Sheikh Mahmud to Slemani / 549
The Period of Sheikh Mahmud’s Self-imposed Seclusion and the Establishment of the Ministerial Cabinet / 555
The Ruler Comes out of Seclusion / 561
The Manner with which Sheikh Mahmud had Conducted Himself before King Faisal and the High Commissioner / 565

Index / 571




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