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Martyrs, Traitors and Patriots: Kurdistan after the Gulf War


Auteur : Sheri Laizer
Éditeur : Zed Books Date & Lieu : 1996, London & New Jersey
Préface : Michael Ignatieff Pages : 224
Traduction : ISBN : 1 85649 396 2
Langue : AnglaisFormat : 135x215 mm
Code FIKP : Liv. Eng. Lai. Mar. N°2921Thème : Général

Présentation
Table des Matières Introduction Identité PDF
Martyrs, Traitors and Patriots: Kurdistan after the Gulf War

Martyrs, Traitors and Patriots: Kurdistan after the Gulf War

Sheri Laizer

Zed Books


What has happened to the Kurds since their great uprising against Saddam and the tragic exodus to the safe havens? What factors condition the course of the continuing guerrilla war in Kurdistan? What policies have Turkey, Iraq and Iran pursued to deal with the Kurdish people, the largest ethnic group devoid of nationhood in the world? Can the Kurds establish their own distinct political identity, on a par with their cultural distinctiveness, or are they condemned to endless internecine conflict and tribal rivalries?
These questions are answered in depth in Sheri Laizer’s new book.

Informed by frequent recent visits to the front line areas, she provides the reader with a clear analysis of Kurdish realpolitik. She focuses on the political practices of the PKK and the other major Kurdish groups, as well as the issues facing the Turkish parliament and army, the long-term strategies pursued by Iran and Iraq, and the evolution of Kurdish democratic institutions.



Sheri Laizer is one of the most knowledgeable of contemporary writers about the Kurds. The passion and commitment she displays for their cause shines through this absorbing and rich book. Anyone wanting to understand why the Kurds continue to fight for their legitimate rights need read no further.

 


Table des Matières


Contents


Acknowledgements / viii
Preface by Michael Ignaticff / ix
Glossary / xi
Abbreviations / xii

Maps 1 Area of Kurdish population prior to expulsions / xiv - xv
2 Kurdish liberated zone after 1991 / 36

I The Kurdish uprising / 1
The heady days of the uprising: 'Free Kurdistan1 / 2
The Kurdish city of Dohuk / 6
The Baath Party’s legacy: prisons, forts and torture chambers / 9
The end of the uprising / 12
The fall of Dohuk / 14
Flight to the mountains / 16
The Turkish border: Işikveren Camp / 21
‘Operation Provide Comfort’ / 25

2 Kurdish realpolitik and the failed uprising / 29

3 Summer of the ‘safe haven’ / 35
The PKK camps / 40
Turkish attacks on the ‘safe haven’ / 44
Intimidation and murder within Turkey / 45
Iraqi government collaboration with the Kurds / 46

4 Waiting in the cold / 47

The UN, UNHCR and UN guards / 50
The UN's winterisation plan / 51
Landmines and security of life / 53
Playing off the Kurds of Iraq against the Kurds of Turkey / 55
Poem to Qazi Mohammad / 56

5 The fratricidal war / 58
Background to internal divisions / 58
Birakuji -fratricidal war / 59
The sandwich operation / 64
Why war? / 66
After-effects of fratricidal war on the Kurdish people / 69

6 The dirty war in Turkey
The PKK ceasefire / 74
Gagging Kurdish MPs and the Kurdish press / 76
The village guard system: the jash of Turkish Kurdistan / 79
State terror and death / 80
Arms and allies / 82
The death squads and Hizb-i Kontras / 84
Challenge to the Turkish constitution and penal code / 88
The PKK’s role / 90
The Kurdistan Socialist Party and the PKK: a new political era? / 95
Outline of the Kurdish political movement in Turkey 1960-85 / 98
Summary of the Kurdish movement in Turkey in the 1990s / 99
Summary of economic issues and differing viewpoints in Turkey / 100

7 Death by a thousand cuts: sabotage of the enclave / 109
The Kurdish parliament in session / 110
UN sanctions and Saddam’s embargo / 111
State terrorism and sabotage / 115
Iranian-sponsored sabotage / 117
Kurdish partisans in Iran / 119
Within the ring of crocodile teeth / 122

8 The war of the colours / 123
The enemy within / 123
Sanctions and political turmoil / 124
Political suicide in south Kurdistan / 125
Background to internal war / 126
Summary of the main players in Iraqi Kurdistan / 127
Outbreak of war between the KDP and PUK / 133
Like caged birds / 137

9 Turkey: only a military solution / 139
Regional elections in Turkey: March 1994 / 139
Big Brother is watching / 141
Kurds flee from Turkey into South Kurdistan / 142
The show-trial of the Kurdish MPs / 146
The flight of the DEP chair and MPs into exile / 148
The Kurdistan Parliament-in-Exile / 149
Turkey invades Iraqi Kurdistan: Newroz 1995 / 149
US-sponsored peace talks screened by Turks / 154
Turkey’s 'Special research report on the Eastern Problem’ / 156
KDP: a legitimate target of the PKK? / 157
Chaos in the Turkish coalition government / 159

10 Kurdish women: identity and purpose / 161
Daughters in the family / 161
The widows of Barzan / 165
Sirwa’s narrative of the Halabja massacre / 170
Nazdar’s dream / 181
Amina: 'government by rape and execution’ / 185
Nermin and the guerrillas / 188
KanrccH Hill / 190

11 The international community and the Kurdish question / 193
Kurdish identity in the diaspora / 193
Arms to Turkey to fight ‘terrorism’ / 195
Responses to 't urkey’s invasion of northern Iraq / 197
Arms to Iraq / 198
Criminalisation of the Kurdish community in the West / 200
Kurdish unity: a threat to Western interests in the Middle East? / 204
A Kurdish revolution: MED TV / 205
Extract from Our Dilemma / 207
Postcript: beyond fratricide? 1996 / 209
Abdullah Ocalan and the December 1995 ceasefires / 210

Appendix
Seventy years of military rule in Kurdistan authorized by Turkish Law / 213

Select bibliography / 215

Index / 218




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