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The Kurdish Tragedy


Éditeur : Zed Books Date & Lieu : 1994, London & New Jersey
Préface : Pages : 120
Traduction : Philip Black ISBN : 1 85649 099 8
Langue : AnglaisFormat : 135x215 mm
Code FIKP : Liv. Eng. Cha. Kur. N°3578Thème : Général

Présentation
Table des Matières Introduction Identité PDF
The Kurdish Tragedy

The Kurdish Tragedy

Gerard Chaliand

Zed Books


Gerard Chaliand, an internationally acknowledged authority on guerrilla wars and resistance movements, was commissioned by the United Nations to report on the situation ot the Kurds following the Gulf War. His book serves as an excellent introduction to the Kurdish issue. It provides a history of the Kurdish communities from their foundation, covering their eventual incorporation into the Ottoman Empire during the 15th century, the great Kurdish revolts of the 19th century, and the crucial period following the First World War.

Chaliand documents the precarious situation of the Kurds in recent times, culminating in the tragic exodus of Kurdish refugees f leeing from Saddam Hussein’s brutal repression to a dubious welcome in Turkey. He also deals with the situation in the UN-protected ‘safe havens’, where the Kurds have achieved a degree ot autonomy in the teeth of the opposition of all the surrounding

What makes this book unique is the detailed analysis of the political situation of the Kurds in contemporary Iran, Iraq and t urkey. Chaliand explains the position of the multifarious Kurdish political groups, examines the legislation affecting Kurdish life, and considers the role of the Kurds in recent Middle Eastern confrontations. His portrayal of the Kurdish political parties and their often conflicting aspirations offers insights that even the specialist reader will find of great relevance.


Table des Matières


Table of Contents

Preface / 1
The Kurdish question / 1
Stage 1: 1920-1945 / 9
Stage 2: 1945-1958 / 10
Stage 3: 1958-1975 / 10
Stage 4: 1975-1993 / 11

1 The Kurdish Identity / 14
The religious factor amongst the Kurds / 16
The tribe / 19
A brief history of the Kurds / 23

2 The Kurds of Turkey / 29
Official ideology: the Kemalist model / 29
The legal measures used against the Kurds / 30
Some examples of the legislation / 33
The ‘provinces of the East’ / 34
The Kurdish rebellions in Turkey / 36
Social conditions in the Kurdish regions / 39
Kurdish political life / 44

3 The Kurds of Iraq / 51
Shaikh Mahmud’s revolt / 51
The first Barzani rebellion (1943-45) / 54
The end of the monarchy and the 1961 war / 56
1963 to 1968: the first Ba’athist war / 58
The second Ba ’athist war / 60
The 1974-75 war / 62
The evolution of the Kurdish parties in the 1980s / 64
Social conditions in Kurdistan / 65
The policies of Baghdad towards Kurdistan / 67

4 The Kurds of Iran / 73
Simko’s revolt / 73
The Mahabad republic / 74
The Kurdish movement from 1946 to 1980 / 76
The Kurdish movement after the Islamic revolution / 77
The policy of the Iranian state towards the Kurds 80 The social structures / 81

5 The Kurds in Syria / 84
From tolerance to oppression / 84
The Ba’ath Party and the Kurds / 86
The Kurds under Hafiz al-Asad’s regime / 87

6 Conclusion / 89
The rights of a minority / 89

7 Appendices / 94
Resolution 688 / 94
European Parliament Resolution / 96
Villages Bombarded with Chemical Weapons / 99

Chronology / 102

Bibliography / 110

Afterword / 113




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