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Power and Stability in the Middle East


Éditeur : Zed Books Date & Lieu : 1989, London & New Jersey
Préface : Pages : 206
Traduction : ISBN : 0-86232-808-X
Langue : AnglaisFormat : 135x215 mm
Code FIKP : Liv. Eng. Ber. Pow. N°1493Thème : Général

Présentation
Table des Matières Introduction Identité PDF
Power and Stability in the Middle East

Power and Stability in the Middle East

Berch Berberoglu

Zed Books


Who rules the Middle East? How do the different regimes of the region maintain themselves in power? How likely are they to fall, and what forces threaten them?

This thought provoking collection provides a useful survey of the issues that are shaping events in the Middle East. The essays examine the balance of power in Egypt, Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Iran and Saudi Arabia. They explain the composition of governments and parties. Case, the authors reveal the factors that will determine the survival and future course of the various regimes.

The essays also focus on key events and problems: the causes and destabilizing impact of riots in North Africa, the problems of the Armenian community, the economic position of the Palestinians throughout the Middle East and the role of women in national politics in the region.

The book serves as an insightful guide to Middle East affairs and provides the reader with an understanding of its complex political processes.



Dr. Berch Berberoglu is an internationally recognized scholar specializing in the Middle East. He is curently associate professor at the Department of Sociology, University of Nevada, Reno, USA. He has published several books on the region, including Turkey in Crisis, also published by Zed.

 

 


Table des Matières


Contents


Acknowledgements / vi
About the Contributors / vii
About the Editor / viii
Introduction / ix

1. Egypt the Origins and Development of a Neo-colonial State, Ahmad N. Azim / 1
Nasser and national capitalism / 1
Sadat’s Egypt infitah and the transition to a neo-colonial state / 11
Conclusion / 12

2. Class Politics and State Power in Ba’thi Syria, Fred H. Lawson / 15
Consolidating Ba’thi rule. 1963-65 / 16
Restructuring the regime. 1966-68 / 20
Reorienting the Ba’th. 1970-83 / 24
Conclusion / 28

3. Class, State and Politics in Iraq Joe Stork / 31
Oil and revolution / 32
The revolution shakes down / 36
The Ba’thi movement / 37
Politics under the Ba'th / 38
Oil and the state / 41
The state as boss / 47
The war with Iran / 49

4. Development of Capitalism and Class Struggles in Turkey, Fikret Ceyhun / 55
Laissez-faire capitalism / 55
Import-substitution industrialization / 56
Export-oriented industrialization / 59
The unfolding class struggles / 64

5. Political Power and the Saudi State, Ghassan Salami / 70
From Saudi power to Saudi state / 71
The royal family and its allies / 74
Clan and state the officer-princes / 75
Property and wealth / 76
The people of Saudi Arabia / 78
The political opposition / 85

6. Class Struggles, the State, and Revolution in Iran, Farideh Farhi / 90
Historical background / 90
National interlude and class struggles / 92
Return of the Shah and the politics of uneven development / 96
The state and revolution / 100
Post-revolutionary struggles and the rise of the theocratic state / 105
Conclusion / 107

7. Riot and Rebellion in North Africa Political Responses to Economic Crisis in Tunisia, Morocco and Sudan, David Seddon / 114
‘Enemies of the people’ official explanations for the riots / 115
Organized opposition or spontaneous protest (Tunisia and Morocco) / 117
Organized opposition or spontaneous protest (Sudan) / 120
The economic roots of social unrest / 124
Economic policy and economic crisis / 129

8. Women and National Politics in the Middle East, Julie Peteet / 136
Women and politics in the Middle East / 136
Palestinian women / 141
Conclusion / 152

9. Palestine and the Palestinians Pamela, Ann Smith / 157
The impoverishment of the peasantry / 157
The growth of the bourgeoisie / 160
The decline of the ruling families / 161
Nationalism and class, 1967 to 1982 / 163
The creation of a new working class / 163
The bourgeoisie challenge and retreat / 165
The ruling families under Israeli occupation / 167
The Palestinian diaspora. 1982 to 1985 / 168

10. The Armenian National Question, Paul Saba / 173
The Ottoman Empire / 174
Armenia before the Ottoman conquest / 179
Armenians under Ottoman rule / 181
The Armenian national awakening / 182
After the genocide / 191
Armenia. Kurdistan. Palestine / 192
National liberation two roads / 193
A new unity in Kurdistan / 195
Split in the Palestinian movement / 196
Split in the Armenian revolutionary movement / 197

Index / 202



Tables

1.1 Distribution of land and average income of owner / 2
1.2 Gross Domestic Product and per capita income in Egypt, 1952-61 / 7
1.3 The relative contribution of the public sector and national capitalism in Egypt, 1970-71 / 8
1.4 Performance of the Egyptian economy, 1961-71 / 9
1.5 The share of national capitalism in Egypt’s manufacturing industries. 1963-68 / 10
2.1 Structure of employment in Syria, 1965-79 / 27
3.1 Iraqi oil revenues, selected years / 33
3.2 Iraqi population in urban and rural sectors / 34
3.3 Iraq economic statistics / 35
3.4 Structure of Iraq’s Gross Domestic Product. 1976 / 42
3.5 Structure of the Iraqi labour force. 1977 / 43
3.6 Large manufacturing in Iraq / 44
3.7 Public sector share of large manufacturing / 44
3.8 Employment structure of large manufacturing, 1976 / 45
3.9 Growth of the state sector / 47
3.10 Main sources of Iraqi imports 1975-79 / 48

4.1 Turkey's merchandise trade by selected years. 1950-85 / 58
4.2 Turkey's merchandise trade by decades. 1950-1985 / 58
4.3 Minimum wage and price index / 61
4.4 Turkey labour force statistics, selected years / 63

5.1 Land holdings and cultivated land / 77
5.2 Saudi Arabia employment by economic sector and nationality, 1975 / 82

9.1 The Palestinian population, 1981 / 158
9.2 Palestinians registered for relief as a percentage of the total Palestinian population, 1949 to 1979 / 164

 




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