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Iran since the Revolution


Auteur :
Éditeur : Croom Helm Date & Lieu : 1982, London & Canberra
Préface : Pages : 248
Traduction : ISBN : 0-7099-3000-3
Langue : AnglaisFormat : 135x210 mm
Code FIKP : Liv. Eng. Zab. Ira. N° 1070Thème : Politique

Présentation
Table des Matières Introduction Identité PDF
Iran since the Revolution

Iran since the Revolution

Sepehr Zabih

Croom Helm

Since the turn of the century, Iran has experienced three major political upheavals in the struggle to democratize her political systems. The last revolution inaugurated an era of unprecedented turmoil and instead of fulfilling its democratic aim, paved the way for an even more despotic theocracy.
To put the revolution in a proper perspective, some attempt is made to explain the reasons for Khomeini’s success in acquiring first, the symbolic leadership of the anti-Shah revolution, and then, the monopolistic control of power in Iran. How and why the other claimants to power were shunted aside and later brutally repressed is a further theme for discussion. The domestic and external ramifications of the revolution are examined in detail; in particular, the rise of the anti-American feeling which culminated in the hostage crisis.
In conclusion, an analysis is offered of the instrumentalities of power available to the Islamic Republic, and several scenarios are explored in which Iran’s competing forces may converge to determine whether this third revolution will finally succeed in subordinating political authority to popular democratic consent.


Sepehr Zabih is a Professor at St Mary’s College, California, and a Research Associate at the University of California.


Table des Matières


Contents

Preface

1. Why and How Khomeini Succeeded / 1
The American Connection / 2
The Huyser Mission and the Iranian Army / 11
The Collapse of the Armed Forces / 15
Notes / 19

2. The Dynamics of Power / 21
The Provisional Government / 25
The Rift in the Shia Leadership / 30
Laying the Foundations of the Republic / 33
The Drafting of the Constitution / 33
A Textual Analysis / 35
Notes / 40

3. The Hostage Crisis / 42
Memories of 1953 Revived / 43
The Fateful Sunday / 45
Flashback to 1976 and 1978 / 46
Organizational Set-up / 48
Phases of the Crisis / 51
Notes / 60

4. The Presidency and the Majlis / 62
The Majlis Election / 65
The IRP in the Majlis / 68
The Opposition and the Majlis / 71
The First Cabinet / 72
Notes / 74

5. The Resurgence of Opposition / 76
Shariatmadari’s Dissent / 76
The Clergy of Mashad / 79
Other Dissident Clerics / 80
The Kurdish Opposition / 84
Relations with other Anti-Khomeini Forces / 90
The Intellectuals and Khomeini’s Cultural Revolution / 91
Notes / 95

6. The Left and the Islamic Republic / 97
Mojahedine Khalgh / 97
The Mojahedin in Exile / 104
The Fedayeene Khalgh / 108
The Tudeh Party / 115
Notes / 119

7. The Demise of Banisadr / 121
Political Organizations and the President / 123
The Right to Designate / 126
The War and the Institutional Crisis / 127
The End of the Hostage Crisis / 129
The Reconciliation Commission / 130
Banisadr’s Departure: the Great Escape / 133
Notes / 136

8. Armed Struggle Against the Regime / 138
The Decimation of the IRP Leadership / 139
New Elections / 144
Realignment of the Anti-Khomeini Forces / 145
The Second Bomb Blast / 147
Yet Another Election / 151
Expatriate Iranians / 152
Notes / 159

9. The Islamic Republic and the World / 160
The USA and Khomeini in Power / 160
Three Foreign-policy Considerations / 168
The Changing Threat Perception / 171
The Iraqi-Iranian Conflict / 176
Iraq’s Political Aims / 178
The Divergent Positions on a Truce / 182
Neither West nor East / 185
Iran and the Three Aggressions / 188
The New International Posture / 190
Exporting the Revolution / 192
Notes / 194

10. A Prognosis / 196
War on Three Fronts / 196
Khomeini’s Islamic Justice / 205
Problems and Prospects of the Guerrilla Organizations / 207
The Military / 210

Postscript / 215

Selected Bibliography / 236

Index / 242




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