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A Changing Turkey

Auteur :
Éditeur : Brookings Institution Date & Lieu : 2000, Washington
Préface : Pages : 304
Traduction : ISBN : 0-8157-5023-4
Langue : AnglaisFormat : 155x230 mm
Code FIKP : Liv. Eng. Kra. Cha. N° 3159Thème : Politique

Table des Matières Introduction Identité PDF
A Changing Turkey

A Changing Turkey

Heinz Kramer

Brookings Institution

Situated at the crossroads of the Caucasus, the Balkans, and the Middle East, Turkey has long held a position of great strategic importance to the United States and Europe. Yet since the demise of the Soviet Union, significant changes have rocked the country, complicating domestic policy while providing new opportunities in the international arena.

Changing Turkey provides a detailed account of these changes and utheir impact on the country’s foreign policy outlook.

The first part of the book focuses on internal challenges that may prevent Turkey from fully exploiting its new foreign policy opportunities: uneasy relations with its Kurds, the advance of politicized Islam, and an unresponsive ruling elite. The second section focuses on the country’s new foreign and security policy environment, including geopolitical maneuverings over Caspian basin energy resources, the changing strategic pattern in the Middle East, and Turkey’s efforts to become a regional power in the Balkans. The. third part of the book analyzes the essence of American and European policies toward Turkey and proposes ideas for a more constructive management of these relations.

Turkey is poised to play an important role in the development of energy resources in the Caspian Sea region, the stability and the future of the Middle East, and the emerging European security architecture. A Changing Turkey counsels the United States and Europe to evaluate and reorient their relations with Turkey to better reflect the country’s evolving significance in the new international political order.

Heinz Kramer is a senior research analyst at Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik in Berlin, Germany.

Table des Matières


Preface / xi

Part One
The Erosion of the Kemalist Model / 1
1 The Kemalist Model of Shaping Politics and Society / 3
2 The Awakening of Society: Between Tradition and Modernity / 11
3 The Slow Adaptation of the Political System 24
4 The Myth of National Homogeneity and the “Kurdish Reality” / 37
5 The Revival of Political Islam / 55
6 Toward a New Sociopolitical Synthesis / 85

Part Two
Turkish Foreign and Security Policy after the Cold War / 93
7 Central Asia and the Caspian Basin: Energy, Business, and Kinship / 97
8 The Middle East: Between Involvement and Active Engagement / 117
9 The Balkans: Old Challenges, New Opportunities / 146
10 Relations with Greece and the Cyprus Problem / 163
11 Europe: Still the “Desired Land”? / 181
12 Turkey in the Western Security System: Asset or Liability? / 202

Part Three
European and American Policy toward Turkey / 221
13 The Current Situation: Policies, Motives, and Limitations / 223
14 The Challenge: Anchoring Turkey in the West / 236

Notes / 249

Index / 295


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