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Yezidism in Europe


Éditeur : Harrassowitz Date & Lieu : 2009, Wiesbaden
Préface : Pages : 248
Traduction : ISBN : 978-3-447-06060-8
Langue : AnglaisFormat : 170x240mm
Code FIKP : Liv. Eng. Kre. Yez N° 2232Thème : Religion

Présentation
Table des Matières Introduction Identité PDF
Yezidism in Europe

Versions

Yezidism in Europe

Philip G. Kreyenbroek

Harrassowitz Verlag

Yezidism is a small, non-proselytising religion, membership of which is determined by birth only. Traditionally it was transmitted by means of oral teachings and sacred texts that were rarely or never committed to writing. While this system allowed a great deal of flexibility and adaptability, it was not conducive to the development of a unified religious system or an explicit theology. Nor do we find a clear-cut division between the religious and secular spheres, so that it is often impossible to tell whether a given injunction, attitude, or prohibition is based upon ‘religion’ or ‘culture’. On the other hand, traditional Yezidi communities shared many elements of a deeply rooted world-view. no doubt based partly upon their precarious position in a hostile environment (see further below), but even more, it would seem, on a common mythology that is familiar to most community members, and a range of shared observances. Unlike most of the religions best known to the West, traditional Yezidism demanded orthopraxy (i.e. proper actions and observances) from its followers, rather than the sincere adherence to prescribed beliefs known as orthodoxy.
There is no absolute consensus among scholars concerning


Table des Matières


Table of Contents

Abreviations / 9
Preface / H

Introduction / 17
On the Yezidi religion / 17
Religious observances / 21
Prayer and Acts of worship / 21
Pilgrimage / 21
Shrines, ziyaret, tiwaf / 22
Tawus Geran / 22
Religious texts and their transmission / 23
The Religious Year / 23
Fasts, Eida Ezid / 23
The New Year / 23
Jema’iye, the Autumn Feast of the Assembly / 24
Batizmi / 24
Other Winter Festivals / 24
Khidir Nebi or Khidir Ilyas / 24
Moveable Feasts / 25
Domestic and general Observances / 25
Matters of clothing and appearance / 25
Taboos / 26
Prohibitions / 27
NaneMiriya / 27
Khelat / 27
Ster / 27
Healing Practices / 29
Rites of Passage / 31
Initiatory rites / 31
Weddings / 31
Childbirth / 32
The first forty days and Chil Chu / 33
Teething / 33
Funerary Customs / 33
Yezidi societies in the homelands / 35
Geography and demography / 35
History of the Yezidi communities in the homelands / 35
Aspects of traditional Yezidi Society / 38
Diaspora Communities / 42
Yezidis in Germany: migration and community history / 43
Diverging trends and perceptions / 44
The Discourse of Identity / 45
The position of Yezidi women in the German Diaspora / 46
The Yezidi Diaspora in the former Soviet Union / 47
Part I: Yeyidis bom in the homeland / 49
General Attitudes / 51
Authority, respect, and social control / 51
Sherm, a central concept of the Yezidi ‘shame culture’ / 53
Honour / 54
Feuds and Quarrels / 57
Conflict resolution / 61
Eloping and Abduction / 66
Self-definition in terms of tribal identity / 72
Castes and religious offices / 74
The Qewwals / 83
Other religious functions / 85
Religious Upbringing and Teaching / 88
Knowledge and Perceptions of Religion / 100
Part II: Yezidis Socialised in the diaspora / 109
Knowledge about the homeland / Ill
Armenia/Russia / 122
Communication with the older generation / 124
Knowledge and understanding of the Religion / 133
Religious Education / 144
Attitudes and Questions of Culture / 151
Purity / 151
Obedience to elders vs. individual choice / 154
Honour / 155
Blood Feuds / 156
Views on marrying out / 159
Men and Women / 176
The Bride Price / 180
Perceptions of Castes / 182
Life in the Diaspora / 194
Differences between Yezidi and Diaspora culture / 196
Contacts with other communities in the Diaspora / 198
Observance and Ritual / 200
Bisk / 200
Circumcision / 201
Betrothal and wedding / 201
Funerary customs / 202
Fasting / 202
Pilgrimage / 204
Sacrifice / 205
Holy Objects / 206
Taboos / 206
Perceptions and Definitions of Yezidism / 207
Approval and Disapproval / 214
Views on the Future / 218

Conclusions / 227
Bibliography / 235
Index / 237




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