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Yezidism—Its Background, Observances and Textual Tradition

Auteur :
Éditeur : The Edwin Mellen Press Date & Lieu : 1995, New York
Préface : Pages : 352
Traduction : ISBN : 0 906559 21 9
Langue : AnglaisFormat : 155x235mm
Code FIKP : Liv. Eng. Kre. Yez N° 2980Thème : Général

Table des Matières Introduction Identité PDF
Yezidism—Its Background, Observances and Textual Tradition

Yezidism—Its Background, Observances and Textual Tradition

Philip G. Kreyenbroek

The Edwin Mellen Press

There is probably no factor that has influenced the perception of Yezidism, both in the Middle East and in the West, as much as the erroneous epithet “devil-worshipper”. In the past, when there was open hostility between the Muslim community and the Yezidis, the epithet probably did more than any theological debate1 to make it clear to all that the Yezidis were non-Muslims who were not entitled to any protection under Islamic Law. Moreover, it seemed to justify the severe ill-treatment to which they were regularly subjected.2 For Western scholars, a genuine academic curiosity about the phenomenon of devil-worship may have been blended with a romantic interest in this secretive but cleanly and friendly group of Oriental ‘pagans’, whose strange cult might contain traces of one or more of the great ancient religions of the Middle East.3 This combination of romantic appeal with an intriguing intellectual challenge probably accounts for the intense academic interest in Yezidism of the latter half of the nineteenth century and the first half of the twentieth.4 Evidence of this interest began to emerge in the 1830s and 1840s with the works of travellers such as Ainsworth, Badger and Layard,5 whose works clearly inspired further scholarly curiosity.

Table des Matières


Foreword / vii
Abbreviations / xv
Map: the Yezidi Areas of Northern Iraq / xviii

Part One: on Yezidism

1 Perceptions of Yezidism / 1
2 The Early History: Factual and Legendary Accounts / 27
3 The Religious Background / 45
4 Worship, Shrines and Holy Beings / 69
4 Appendix, A Survey of Prominent Yezidi Holy Beings / 91
5 Social Organisation: Titles, Groups and Functions / 125
6 Some Beliefs, Observances and Customs / 145

Part Two: the Texts

1 The Hymn of the Weak Broken One / 170
2 The Hymn of the Creation of the World / 182
3 The Hymn of the Faith / 194
4 The Hymn of the Oceans / 202
5 The Hymn of Sheykh Obekr / 208
6 The Morning Prayer / 216
7 The Evening Prayer / 220
8 The Declaration of Faith / 226
9 The Song of the Commoner / 230
10 The Hymn of Melek Tawus / 244
11 The Hymn of Melek Sheykh Hesen / 250
12 The Hymn of Sheykh Shems of Tabriz / 258
13 The Hymn of Pir Sheref / 264
14 The Hymn of Sheykh Erebege Entush / 274
15 The Hymn of Pir Dawud / 282
16 The Hymn of Sheykh Adi and the Holy Men / 290
17 The Hymn of the Resurrection / 302
18 The Hymn of the Poor Miserable One / 306
19 The Hymn of the Moment of Death / 310

Bibliography / 327

Index / 333

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