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Atlas of Mesopotamia

Auteur : Martin A. Beek
Éditeur : Nelson Date & Lieu : 1962, London
Préface : Pages : 164
Traduction : ISBN :
Langue : AnglaisFormat : 260x340mm
Code FIKP : Liv. Eng. Bee. Atl. N° 2210Thème : Géographie

Table des Matières Introduction Identité PDF
Atlas of Mesopotamia

Atlas of Mesopotamia

Martin A. Beek


Mesopotamia, the ‘land between the rivers’, is the name given by the Greek historian Polybius (second century b.c.) and the geographer Strabo (first century a.d.) to a part of the region enclosed between the Euphrates and the Tigris. They confined the name to an area stretching from the edge of the highlands in the north, where the rivers enter the plain, to what is now Baghdad, where the Euphrates and Tigris approach each other most closely. Not until later did the name acquire a much wider significance than that intended by the two Greeks, and it came to include southern ‘Chaldaea’. When we speak of Mesopotamia nowadays, we always mean the whole of the region between the great rivers, from the mountain country to the Persian Gulf.
The name Mesopotamia became known in Europe as a result of the translation of the Bible. The Old Testament (Gen. 24: 10) mentions a district called Aram Naharaim, which literally means ‘Aram of the two rivers’. The Hebrew writer probably did not mean the Euphrates and the Tigris. It is more likely ...

Table des Matières


The Land and Climate of Mesopotamia / 9
The Awakening of Interest and the First Excavations / 19
The Decipherment of Cuneiform Writing / 25
Excavations in the Twentieth Century / 29
The Pre-literary Period / 41
The Civilisation of the Sumerians / 45
Sargon of Agade / 73
The Age of Hammurabi / 77
The Period of the Kassites / 84
Problems of Chronology / 87
The Rise of the Assyrians / 90
The Encounter of Israel and the Assyrians / 101
The Period of Literary Greatness / 111
From Nebuchadnegypir to the Fall of Babylon / 128
The Religion of the Babylonians / 135
Mesopotamia as the Cradle of our Civilisation / 147

1 Mesopotamia in the world of the Near East / 17
2 The most important archaeological expeditions and their nationality / 18
3 Chief sites of discoveries of ancient cities and settlements in Mesopotamia / 47
4 Physical map of the Mesopotamian plain / 48
5 Types of soils in Iraq / 48
6 Sites of Stone Age discoveries / 49
7 Sites of finds of pottery whose names are used to define
the divisions of the pre-literary period / 50
8 The central district of the Sumerians / 63
9 Trade routes linking Mesopotamia with the surrounding world / 64
10 The empire of Hammurabi and the Kassites / 81
11 The Assyrian empire / 82
12 The area in modern times / 82
13 Ancient river courses and chief irrigation canals / 99
14 Tells and former roads about 12 miles west of Mosul / 99
15 Former course of the Euphrates (from aerial photographs) / 99
16 Tells and other habitation sites northwest of Hilla / 99
17 Expansion and decline of the Assyrian empire / 100
18 Empire of Nebuchadnezzar / 129
19 Babylon 130
20 Ashur / 130
21 Distribution of the ziggurats / 151
22 The republic of Iraq / 152

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