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The Ilisu Dam


Auteur : Kerim Yıldız
Éditeur : Kurdish Human Rights Project Date & Lieu : 1999, London
Préface : Pages : 156
Traduction : ISBN : 1 -900175-29-0
Langue : AnglaisFormat : 210x295mm
Code FIKP : Liv. Eng. Yil. Ili N° 688Thème : Général

Présentation
Table des Matières Introduction Identité PDF
The Ilisu Dam

Kurdish Human Rights Project: The Ilisu Dam

Kerim Yildiz

KHRP

The Ilisu hydro-electric power project is part of Turkey's Southeastern Anatolia Project (GAP). The site is situated on the Tigris river, about 65 km upstream of the Syrian and Iraqi border. With a planned capacity of 1,200 MW, Ilisu is Turkey's largest pending hydropower project.
In September 1999, a fact finding team comprising three lawyers and a specialist in the social and environmental impacts of large dams visited Diyarbakir, Batman and Hasankeyf in south east Turkey on behalf of the Kurdish Human Rights Project. The purpose of the mission was to make site visits and to confer with elected officials, members of local organisations and those likely to be affected by the dam. Despite constant police surveillance and control, which severely restricted the delegation’s ability to conduct independent investigations as originally intended , recorded interviews were conducted with local politicians, lawyers, historians and a small number of project affected residents.
The mission also attended a public conference ...


Table des Matières


Table of contents

Foreword / 1

Introduction / 3

Section 1: The Ilisu Hydro-Electric Project / 5
1.1 Background / 5
1.1.1 The GAP Project / 
1.1.2 The Ilisu Hydro-Electric Project
1.2 Key concerns / 6
1.2.1 Failure to Release Documents
1.2.2 Failure to Consider Alternatives
1.2.3 Environmental Impacts
1.2.4 International Water Rights/Downstream Flow Regime
1.2.5 Cultural Heritage/Hasankeyf
1.2.6 Lack of Consultation
1.2.7 Confusion over Numbers to be Resettled
1.2.8 Concerns over Compensation
1.2.9 Lack of a Resettlement Plan
1.2.10 Independent Monitoring

Section 2: Legal Provisions, International Agreements, Resolutions,
Guidelines and Corporate Policies Relevant to the Project / 19
2.1 The Republic of Turkey, including relevant government departments / 19
2.1.1 Domestic laws
2.1.2 European law relevant to Turkey
2.1.3 International law and Turkey
2.1.4 UN Conventions and Resolutions and Turkey
2.1.5 Public international law and Turkey
2.2 Other states involved with the Ilisu project / 24
2.2.1 States party to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
2.2.2 States party to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
2.3 European Union member states / 26
2.3.1 Council Directive 90-313-EEC on the Freedom of Access to Environmental Information
2.3.2 EU Resolution on Indigenous Peoples and Development
2.4 States which are members of the Organisation for Economic

Cooperation and Development / 26
2.5 States which are members of the World Bank Group / 27
2.6 Ex-lm Bank / 28
2.7 Companies involved in the project / 29
2.7.1 Union Bank of Switzerland
2.7.2 All companies - Relevant “Best Practice” Guidelines in the Hydropower Industry

Section 3: Findings of the Mission / 31
3.1 Water Wars / 31
3.2 The Cultural Impacts of the Project / 31
3.3 The Failure to Consult / 34
3.4 Resettlement / 36
3.5 Expropriation and Compensation / 42
3.6 Lack of a Resettlement Plan / 42

3.7 Independent Monitoring

Section 4: Conclusions and Recommendations

Appendices:
1. Ilisu dam and hydro-electric power project: Catchment area
2. Berne Declaration: Ilisu - A test case of international policy coherence
3. Antik Kent (Ancient City) Hasankeyf booklet
4. UNESCO Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage
5. Map of Ilisu area
6. Legal provisions, international agreements, resolutions, guidelines and corporate policies relevant to the project
6.A. Turkish laws affecting the Ilisu project
6.B. European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
6.C. Universal Declaration of Human Rights
6.D. UN Declaration on the Right to Development
6.E. The Declaration on the Rights of Persons belonging to National or Ethnic Religious or Linguistic Minorities
6.F UN Convention on the Non-Navigational Uses of Transboundary Watercourses
6.G International Labour Organisation Conventions #107 and #169
6.H UN Commission on Human Rights Resolution 1993/77 on Forced Evictions
6.I Council Directive 90/313/EEC on the Freedom of Access to Environmental Information (7 June 1990)
6. J OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) Guidelines
6.K World Bank Operational Directives
6. L International Commission on Large Dams (ICOLD)
7. The Populated Units that would be under the Reservoir of the Ilisu Dam, 1990
8. Report: Ilisu Dam Project, 1997




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