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The Anfal Campaign in Iraqi Kurdistan

Éditeur : Middle East Watch Date & Lieu : 1993, New York
Préface : Pages : 116
Traduction : ISBN : 0-300-05757-1
Langue : AnglaisFormat : 115x225 mm
Code FIKP : Liv. Ang. 2495Thème : Politique

Table des Matières Introduction Identité PDF
The Anfal Campaign in Iraqi Kurdistan

The Anfal Campaign in Iraqi Kurdistan
The Destruction of Koreme

Just as the Iran-Iraq War was coming to an end in 1988, the Iraqi government and army embarked on a vengeful campaign against Kurdish villagers living in Iraqi Kurdistan. Taken from a Koranic verse, Anfal refers to "the plunder of the infidel," and evidently was intended to give the campaign the veneer of religious justification, though the Kurds themselves are Muslim, and Iraq is a secular state. Using a similarly destructive pattern throughout northern Kurdistan, the Iraqi army first attacked a chosen village...often with chemical weapons...captured the villagers as they tried to flee, then pulverized their dwellings. Many villagers were later killed.

The Kurdish village of Koreme serves as a case study of this campaign, showing how the policies implemented by the government of Saddam Hussein were carried out in a single village. Some of Koreme's captured men and boys were executed on the spot; the remainder were taken to a local army fort or Bath Party office where they disappeared while in the hands of security agents. Surviving Koreme villagers,.starving women, children and the elderly... were transferred by truck to bleak camps lacking any provision of food, water, shelter or medical attention. There they were abandoned.

Middle East Watch and Physicians for Human Rights conclude that the Iraqi government's Anfal campaign, constituting murder, forcible disappearance, involuntary relocation, the refusal to provide minimal conditions of life to detainees, chemical weapons attacks against civilians, and the physical destruction of Kurdish villages, are at a minimum, crimes against humanity- Ultimately, they may form the basis for a case of genocide. 



the Forced Relocation of its Inhabitants, the Massacre and Disappearance of its Men and Boys,
the Chemical Weapons Attack on the Village of Birjinni, and the Death of Farwan Tawa Mostafa, a Female
Infant, at Beharke Camp, in the course of the 1988 Anfal Campaign against the Kurds of Iraqi Kurdistan by the
Government of Saddam Hussein

Oral Testimony and Physical Forensic Evidence
A Report by
Middle East Watch
A Division of Human Rights Watch
Physicians for Human Rights
Human Rights Watch

New York • Washington • Los Angeles • London

Copyright o January 1993 by Human Rights Watch and Physicians for Human Rights.
All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America.
Library of Congress Card Catalog Number: 92-75040

ISBN: 0-300-05757-1

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