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Genocide in Iraq - The Anfal Campaign Against the Kurds

Éditeur : Middle East Watch Date & Lieu : 1993, New York
Préface : Pages : 370
Traduction : ISBN : 1-56432-108-8
Langue : AnglaisFormat : 150x225 mm
Code FIKP : Liv. Ang. 2538Thème : Politique

Table des Matières Introduction Identité PDF
Genocide in Iraq - The Anfal Campaign Against the Kurds

Genocide in Iraq
The Anfal Campaign Against the Kurds

Anarrative account of the Iraqi government's organized attempt to eradicate the Kurds living in northern Iraq, this report captures in riveting detail the multiple phases of the Anfal campaign. Anfal, meaning "the spoils," is the name of the eighth sura of the Koran. Ii is also the name given by the Iraqis to a series of military actions that lasted from February 23 until September 6. 1988. Relying in part on previously unpublished Iraqi government documents captured by Kurdish rebels during the Gulf War, Genocide in hag reveals a meticulously organized campaign incorporating prison camps, firing squads and chemical attacks.

The campaigns of 1987- 1989 were characterized by mass summary executions and the mass disappearance of many tens of thousands of noncombatants, including large numbers of women and children, and sometimes the entire population of villages, the widespread use of chemical weapons; the wholesale destruction of some 2,000 villages, including homes, schools, mosques and wells; the looting of civilian property; the arbitrary arrest and jailing in conditio ns of extreme deprivation of thousands of women, children and elderly people, the forced displacement of hundreds of thousands of villagers; and the destruction of the rural Kurdish economy and infrastructure.

Genocide in Iraq is the product of almost two years of re-search, during which a team of Middle East Watch researchers analyzed several tons of captured Iraqi government documents and carried out field interviews with more than 350 witnesses, most of them survivors of the 1988 campaign. As a result of this painstaking work, Middle East Watch concludes that between 1987 and 1989, the Iraqi regime committed the crime of genocide.



The Anfal Campaign in Iraqi Kurdistan: The Destruction of Koreme
Hidden Death: Land Mines and Civilian Casualties in Iraqi Kurdistan
Endless Torment: The 1991 Uprising in Iraq and its Aftermath
Unquiet Graves: The Search for the Disappeared in Iraqi Kurdistan
Needless Deaths in the Gulf War: Civilian Casualties During the Air
Campaign and Violations of the Laws of War
Human Rights in Iraq

Middle East Watch
Middle Fast Watch was founded in 1989 to establish and promote observance of internationally recognized human rights in the Middle East. The chair of Middle East Watch is Gary Sick and the vice chairs are Lisa Anderson and Bruce Rabb. Andrew Whitley is the executive director; Eric Goldstein is the research director; Virginia N. Sherry and Aziz Abu Hamad are associate directors; Suzanne Howard is the associate.

Copyright • July 1993 by Human Rights Watch. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America.
Library of Congress Card Catalog Number: 93-79064

ISBN: 1-56432-108-8

Cover photo shows Kurdish widows at newly exhumed mass grave site.
Susan Meiselas, Magnum Photos, Inc.

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