The Future of the Iraqi Kurds
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© 2008 by the Washington Institute for Near East Policy
Published in 2008 in the United States of America by the Washington Institute for Near East Policy,
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Design by Daniel Kohan, Sensical Design and Communication
Front cover: Kurdish Regional Government peshmerga survey the terrain south of Dahuk, Iraq, April 1, 2003.
Copyright AP Wide World Photos/Kamran Jebreili.
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Soner Cagaptay is a senior fellow and director of the Turkish Research Program at The Washington Institute. His
writings on U.S.-Turkish relations and other issues have appeared in numerous scholarly journals and major international
print media, including Middle East Quarterly, Middle Eastern Studies, Los Angeles Times, Washington
Post, Wall Street Journal, and Newsweek. He also appears regularly on Fox News, CNN, NPR, Voice of America,
al-Jazeera, BBC, CNN-Turk, and al-Hurra. His most recent book is Islam, Secularism, and Nationalism in Modern
Turkey: Who Is a Turk? (Routledge, 2006).
A historian by training, he holds a doctorate from Yale and was the Ertegun professor in Princeton University’s
Department of Near Eastern Studies in 2006–2007. Currently, he serves as a visiting professor at Georgetown
University and chair of the Turkey Advanced Area Studies Program at the State Department’s Foreign Service
Audrey Flake is a Schusterman Young scholar at The Washington Institute, working on Iraq-related issues. She holds a bachelor’s degree in international and global studies from Brandeis University.
Michael Knights is a London-based Lafer international fellow of The Washington Institute, specializing in the politics and security of Iraq, Iran, and the Persian Gulf states. Working with the U.S. Department of Defense, he has undertaken extensive research on lessons learned from U.S. military operations in Iraq since 1990. He earned his doctorate at the Department of War Studies, King’s College London, and has worked as a security journalist for the Gulf States Newsletter and Jane’s Intelligence Review. He is currently vice president of Olive Group’s Strategic Analysis and Assessments business, SA2. Dr. Knights is the author of four Institute books on Iraq and the Persian Gulf states, most recently the April 2008 Policy Focus Provincial Politics in Iraq: Fragmentation or New Awakening? His other publications include Cradle of Conflict: Iraq and the Birth of the Modern U.S. Military (U.S. Naval Institute Press, 2005).
David Pollock, a visiting fellow at The Washington Institute, was formerly a senior advisor for the Broader Middle East and a member of the State Department’s Policy Planning Staff. He has also served as chief of Near East/South Asia/Africa research at the U.S. Information Agency, where he was the top authority on public opinion in those regions. In addition to pioneering Institute papers on that subject—including the 1993 Policy Paper The “Arab Street”? Public Opinion in the Arab World and the April 2008 Policy Focus Slippery Polls: Uses and Abuses of Opinion Surveys from Arab States—he authored the June 2007 Policy Focus With Neighbors Like These: Iraq and the Arab States on Its Borders.