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Coming to Terms with Forced Migration


Éditeur : TESEV Date & Lieu : 2007, Istanbul
Préface : Pages : 370
Traduction : ISBN : 978-975-8112-89-0
Langue : AnglaisFormat : 155x230 mm
Code FIKP : Liv. Eng. Kur. Com. N° 2034Thème : Général

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Coming to Terms with Forced Migration

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Coming to Terms with Forced Migration

Dilek Kurban

TESEV

In Turkey, some one million men, women and children were forcibly uprooted from rural areas in the east and southeast as a result of the armed struggle from 1984 to 1999 between the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) and the Turkish military. Large numbers fled to urban areas, where they have experienced poverty, poor housing, joblessness, loss of land and property, limited access to physical and mental health care services, and limited educational opportunities for their children. Those that have returned to their communities of origin also face major difficulties, including threats to their physical safety from landmines and village guards, and dire poverty due to insufficient job opportunities, public services, and compensation for lost property.
[This book] digs deeply into the causes of conflict and displacement in Turkey, seeking to go beyond official versions and to unearth what really occurred and how best to move forward to resolve the political, economic and social divisions.
The government would be well advised to study the findings and recommendations of this constructive volume. Acknowledging the plight of the displaced in both rural and urban areas and developing effective policies and programs to help them reintegrate is critical not only for the lives of the displaced but also for the coherence and stability of the country as a whole.
Roberta Cohen, Brookings Institution

The dominant perception of internal displacement in Turkey has been one interpreted through official state ideology - which has recently acknowledged the phenomenon but refused to accept its responsibility. This "acknowledgement without acceptance" portrays internal displacement as the inevitable outcome of the security forces' legitimate defense against terrorism.
The fact is that one million people lost their property, abandoned their cultural roots, and were forced to migrate to western provinces because their way of life was not embraced by the official, narrow definition of citizenship.
With this book, TESEV proposes to re-conceptualize internal displacement as an issue of societal responsibility. Turkish society, which has not condemned but for decades has overlooked this discriminatory approach, interpreting the armed conflict as a threat to its comfort rather than trying to understand the issue, bears a large responsibility for what has happened.
It is necessary to understand that internal displacement is not an unexpected natural disaster but a discrediting societal failure to which we, as civil society, have contributed. It is our responsibility to establish an environment of trust that will allow internally displaced persons to embark on a life that they desire in a place of their own choosing.
Etyen Mahçupyan, TESEV



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