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The Emergence of Kurdish Nationalism and the Sheikh Said Rebellion


Auteur : Robert Olson
Éditeur : University of Texas Press Date & Lieu : 1989, Austin
Préface : F. Tucker Pages : 230
Traduction : ISBN : 0-292-77619-5
Langue : AnglaisFormat : 155x235 mm
Code FIKP : Liv. Ang. Ols. Eme. Gen. 1494Thème : Politique

Présentation
Table des Matières Introduction Identité PDF
The Emergence of Kurdish Nationalism and the Sheikh Said Rebellion


The Emergence of Kurdish Nationalism and the Sheikh Said Rebellion

Robert Olson

University of Texas Press


“Having done considerable research into the background, nature, and results of the Sheik Said rebellion myself, I can assure you that Professor Olson’s conclusions are new, grounded in the evidence, and very important!”
—William F. Tucker, University of Arkansas

The last quarter of the nineteenth century was crucial for the development of Kurdish nationalism. It coincided with the reign of Abdulhamid II (1876-1909), who emphasized Pan-Islamic policies in order to strengthen the Ottoman Empire against European and Russian imperialism. The Pan-Islamic doctrines of the Ottoman Empire enabled sheikhs (religious leaders)— from Sheikh Ubaydallah of Nehri in the 1870s and 1880s to Sheikh Said in the 1920s—to become the principal nationalist leaders of the Kurds. This represented a new development in Middle Eastern and Islamic history and began an important historical pattern in the Middle East long before the emergence of the religious-nationalist leadership of Ayatollah Khomeini in Iran.

This is the first work in any Western language dealing with the development of Kurdish nationalism during this period and is supported with documentation not previously utilized, principally from the Public Record Office in Great Britain. In addition, the author provides much new material on Turkish, Armenian, Iranian, and Arab history and new insights into Turkish-Armenian relations during the most crucial era of the history of these two peoples.

The Emergence of Kurdish Nationalism and the Sheikh Said Rebellion demonstrates categorically that the Kurds are most emphatically a people with a “history,” in spite of the efforts of many countries at various times to “deny” the Kurds their political and national development.

Robert Olson is professor of Middle East and Islamic history at the University of Kentucky and the author of several books on Middle East history.


Table des Matières


Contents

Preface / ix
Acknowledgments / xi
Note on Spelling and Names / xiii
Introduction by William F. Tucker / xv

1. The Emergence of Kurdish Nationalism: Sheikh / 1
Ubaydallah and the Kurdish League / 26
2. Kurdish Nationalism: From Sevres to Said
3. The Second Time Around: British Policy toward / 52
the Kurds from Mudros to Lausanne
4. Mobilization for Rebellion: From Beyt §ebab to Pi ran / 91
5. The Rebellion and Its Aftermath / 107
6.   The International Aspects of the Sheikh Said Rebellion / 128
Conclusion / 153

Appendixes

I. British and Turkish Army Officer Equivalents and
Abbreviations / 165

II. Draft Law for a Proposed Autonomy of Kurdistan as Debated in the Grand National Assembly on
10 February 1922 / 166

III. Azadi Membership as of September 1924 / 169

IV. List of Kurdish Officers Who Deserted after the
Mutiny of Beyt Șebab / 172

V. Intercepted Letter from Turkish Intelligence Meant
to Implicate Ihsan Nuri as a Spy / 173

VI. Colonel (Miralay) Ozdemir's Proclamations to
the Kurdish Tribes / 176

VII. Selected List of Turkish Officers in the Eastern
Provinces in April 1925 / 178

VIII. Diary of Events at Mezreh [Mamouret-el-Aziz],
23 March to T5 April / 185

Notes / 187

Bibliography / 213

Index / 221




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