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A History of the Turkish Revolution and Turkısh Republic


Auteur : A. Afetinan
Éditeur : Pars Matbaası Date & Lieu : 1981, Ankara
Préface : Necati Özkaner Pages : 212
Traduction : Ahmet E. Uysal ISBN :
Langue : AnglaisFormat : 160x235 mm
Code FIKP : Liv. Ang. Ina. His. 1484Thème : Général

Présentation
Table des Matières Introduction Identité PDF
A History of the Turkish Revolution and Turkısh Republic

A History of the Turkish Revolution and Turkısh Republic

A. Afetinan

Pars Matbaası


The Republic of Turkey, which was founded in 1923, has now realized its fifty-eighth year. This constitutes only a brief period in the history of the Turkish nation, which appeared on the scene of history over two thousand years ago. The Turks have been founders of many states in many different parts of the world. The Ottoman Empire, one of the greatest empires ever founded in history, was the last great Turkish State, but it was consumed in the flames of the First World War. Out of its ashes emerged the new Turkish State, which has been flourishing for the last fifty-eight years. The creation of the modern Republic of Turkey was a long and hard struggle for the Turkish nation at a very desperate period of her history. Numerous books and articles have been written on this period of Turkish history, which was so remarkable and full of world—shaking events, in spite of the abundance of publications on this subject both in this country and abroad, there are still some gaps in our knowledge about what really happened in our country during the last sixty years.

Foreign scholars find recent ...



FOREWORD

It is hoped that this book, designed as an outline of the history of Turkey during the period between the two world wars, and an account of the creation of the Turkish Republic and the developments achieved by the Turkish people in political, social, cultural and economic fields will serve as a handbook for readers abroad who wish to familiarize themselves with the creation of modern Turkey.

Among the major topics the book deals with are the collapse of the Ottoman Empire at the end of the First World War, plans for the destruction of Turkey as an independent country, the Turkish War of Independence, the foundation of the Turkish Republic and the achievements the Turkish people have accomplished in founding a modern and progressive society up to the time of the outbreak of the Second World War.

Professor A. Afetinan, the author of the book, is not only an internationally known historian, but was also a close associate of Kemal Atatürk, our great leader and the founder of the Turkish Republic. She was one of the first women intellectuals to appear under the encouragement of Kemal Atatürk. As such she was able to observe closely the series of profound changes which constitute what is called the Turkish Revolution.

We hope this book, appearing in the centennial anniversary of the birth of Atatürk, will be sought by those who wish to know the early phase of the history of the Turkish Republic.

The New Turkish State which emerged out of the ashes of the Ottoman Empire is now 58 years old. Having a long history of statehood, the Turkish nation is taking rapid strides towards a bright future. The Turks have always produced great leaders under difficult conditions and maintained their national existence.

The book will have fulfilled its aim if it informs the reader about Turkey's hard and long struggle in attaining her present status among the community of civilized nations.

Necati Özkaner
Director General of Press
and Information



Introductıon


The Republic of Turkey, which was founded in 1923, has now realized its fifty-eighth year. This constitutes only a brief period in the history of the Turkish nation, which appeared on the scene of history over two thousand years ago. The Turks have been founders of many states in many different parts of the world. The Ottoman Empire, one of the greatest empires ever founded in history, was the last great Turkish State, but it was consumed in the flames of the First World War. Out of its ashes emerged the new Turkish State, which has been flourishing for the last fifty-eight years. The creation of the modern Republic of Turkey was a long and hard struggle for the Turkish nation at a very desperate period of her history. Numerous books and articles have been written on this period of Turkish history, which was so remarkable and full of world—shaking events, in spite of the abundance of publications on this subject both in this country and abroad, there are still some gaps in our knowledge about what really happened in our country during the last sixty years.

Foreign scholars find recent Turkish history to be of immense interest in mainly two respects: firstly, the Treaty of Sevres (10th August 1920) signed between the vanquished Ottoman State and the Entente Powers, the victors of the First World War, was the only treaty concluded at the end of that war which was to prove to be worth no more than a scrap of paper. A foreign observer has compared this treaty to a cracked wase which was later shattered to pieces by the Turks. According to the terms of this treaty, the Ottoman territories were to be partitioned and the Ottoman State was to be allocated a small territory in the middle of Anatolia. In order to maintain their national existence the Turks had to found a new state (23rd April 1920).

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