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Saddam's Word: political discourse in Iraq


Auteur : Ofra Bengio
Éditeur : Oxford University Press Date & Lieu : 1998, New York
Préface : Pages : 268
Traduction : ISBN : 0-19-511439-6
Langue : AnglaisFormat : 155x235 mm
Code FIKP : Liv. En.Thème : Politique

Présentation
Table des Matières Introduction Identité PDF
Saddam's Word: political discourse in Iraq

Saddam's Word: political discourse in Iraq

This is the first serious attempt to understand modern Iraq through a close examination of the political discourse used by the Ba'th regime and its leader, Saddam Hussein. Drawing from newspaper articles and official publications, as well as Hussein's public statements, speeches, and writing, Saddam's Word demonstrates how the regime's propaganda defines the range of acceptable public discussion and manipulates history in an attempt to unify diverse and competing ethnic and religious groups.The revival and rewriting of Iraqi and Islamic myth, along with the construction of viable contemporary myths in today's language, are key instruments in the regime's credibility. Its 29-year hold on Iraqi power - unbroken through war, economic disaster, and ethnic strife - can be largely attributed to the subjugation of the media and public discourse to its own ends.

By analyzing political terms, concepts, and idioms as disseminated through the official Iraqi mouthpieces, author Ofra Bengio illuminates Iraq's political culture and the events that these expressions have both reflected and shaped. Bengio succeeds not only in adding another dimension to our understanding of the "Saddam enigma" but also in illustrating the more universal truth that under any regime, political culture is built on the word. Saddam's Word will be of much interest to students and scholars of the contemporary Middle East, to observers of Saddam Hussein and his regime, and to those interested in how a regime maintains power by controlling public discourse.


Table des Matières

Contents
 
Introduction: Language and Politics / 3

I Revolution and Revival / 17
1 Revolution: Thesis and Antithesis / 19
Inqilab: Coup or Revolution? / 20
Multifaceted Intifada / 23
Thawra: Highest on the Value Scale / 25
Ridda: From Apostasy to Reaction / 29
2 Ba'th: The Word and the Party / 33
The Ba'th: "Permanent Revolution and the Renewal of Youth" / 33
"A Single Arab Nation" / 35
The Threefold Way: Unity, Freedom, Socialism / 37
3 Language and Action / 49
The "Ba'thization" of Iraqi Society / 49
Struggle and Violence: End or Means? / 51

II From "Popular" to Totalitarian Democracy / 55
4 The Intricacies of "Democracy" / 57
"The Dictatorship of Popular Democracy" / 57
The Sword of Democracy / 60
The Pejorative Triplet: Libiraliyya, Barlamaniyya, Ta'addudiyya / 64
5 An Irreplaceable Regime / 69
The Indispensable Leader / 70
Oath of Allegiance / 74
The Myth of Saddam Husayn / 77
Husayn's Role Models / 79

III Unity and Separatism / 87
6 The Sunni Arabs: An Issue of Double Identity / 89
Guardians of "the Iraqi Tent" / 89
Standard-Bearers of Arabism / 92
The Dialectics of "Iraqiness" and Arabism / 95
7 The Shi'is: Loyalty to the Community or the State? / 98
Ta'ifiyya: Part Sectarianism, Part Racism / 100
The Evils of Shu'ubiyya / 103
Iqlimiyya: The Enemy of Unity / 106
8 The Kurds: Autonomy or Secession? / 109
Ba'th Ambiguity toward the Kurds / 109
A New Framework for Identity: The 1970 Autonomy / 112
Kurdish Nationalism versus Arab and Iraqi Nationalism / 116
9 The Ba'th Facing Particularism and Secession / 121

IV Cycles of Enmity and Violence / 125
10 Three Cycles of Hostility / 127
Imperialism: "An Antediluvian Dinosaur" / 127
Israel: "The Monstrous Entity" / 134
Iran: "The Yellow Storm" / 139
11 The Ethos of Force / 146
A Vision of Strength and Greatness / 146
A Military Society / 148
Glory, Honor, and Death / 153
V Epic and Apocalypse / 159
12 History as a Lever of Politics / 163
Recherche du temps perdu / 163
On Writing History / 167
Making History Known / 169
History Is Returning: Qadisiyya as a Parable / 172
13 The Manipulation of Islam / 176
Ba'thi Convolutions over Islam / 176
Husayn's Islamic Rhetoric / 181
Islam in the Service of the War / 184
14 From Islamic Rhetoric to a Vision of Apocalypse / 192
"A Mission to the Nation and to Mankind" / 192
The War of the Elephant / 194
Conclusion: The Rape of Language / 203

Notes / 213
Bibliography / 249
Index / 259




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