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Kurdistan Times, n° IV


Éditeur : Compte d'auteur Date & Lieu : 1996, Fairfax
Préface : Pages : 230
Traduction : ISBN : 1057-8668
Langue : AnglaisFormat : 150x230 mm
Code FIKP : Liv. Eng. Kar. Kur. N° 4003Thème : Politique

Présentation
Table des Matières Introduction Identité PDF
Kurdistan Times, n° IV

Kurdistan Times, n° IV

Mustafa Al Karadaghi

Compte d'auteur


On March 3, 1994, the Turkish Parliament, known as the Grand National Assembly (GANT), voted to deny parliamentary immunity to eight of its members who are ethnic Kurds. The names of the deputies are: Hatip Dicle, Leyla Zana, Ahmet Turk, Sirri Sakik, Orhan Dogan, Mahmut Alinak, Selim Sadak, and Hassan Mezarci.

The eight deputies protested their denial of parliamentary immunity as a violation of the Turkish Constitution. They barricaded themselves in the Parliament building to avoid arrest. The Turkish police were called and surrounded the Parliament building, guarding all exits. On March 5, 1994, all eight deputies surrendered and were arrested. They were imprisoned in the government’s detention center pending trial by the State Security Court.

“Following the arrest of the MP’s in a scene of chaos, two of the deputies appeared before a regular court. Charges were dismissed...


Table des Matières


Table of Contents


Editor’s Note / ix
Endnotes / xiii

Part I: The Kurdish Struggle in Turkey / 1
Turkish Army Imprisons Six Kurdish Parliamentarians / 1
by Mustafa Al Karadaghi

Violent Climate Inside the Assembly / 1
Charges Against the Deputies / 3
Charge Against the Pro-Islamic Deputy, Hassan Mezarci / 4
Prosecution’s Legal Basis for Removal of Parliamentary Immunity / 5
Prosecution Evidence Against the Deputies / 5
The Military Influence / 8
Imprisonment Caused by Army High Command / 8
The Turkish Army and Genocide of the Turkish Kurds / 10
Suggestive Remark by Chief of Staff General Dogan Gures
Leads to the Stripping of Immunity and Imprisonment of Kurdish Parliamentarians / 11

State Security Court Convicts Six Kurdish Deputies / 12
Life in Prison / 13

Turkish Constitutional Court Banned Democracy Party (DEP) / 13
Background / 13
Case Against the Democracy Party Deputies / 14
Objections as to Content / 15
Constitutional Court Proceedings to Ban the DEP / 16
The Law Group’s Legal Conclusion / 17

Protests and Condemnation Followed Imprisonment of Kurdish Parliamentarians / 19
United States Senate and House of Representatives / 20
Council of Europe / 23
European Parliament / 23
Congressional Human Rights Foundation / 24
Amnesty International / 24
U. S. Media Described Turkish Action Outrageous / 25
European Parliament Blocks Customs Union With Turkey / 26
Endnotes / 26

The Turkish Lobby / 29
The Porter Amendment Linking U.S. Aid to Turkey to
Human Rights and Humanitarian Practices / 30

U.S. Senate Concern Over Turkey’s Human Rights Record / 32
by Patrick Leahy, U.S. Senator

Madame Mitterrand Launches an International Campaign for
Peace Between the Kurds and the Turks in Turkey / 35
Endnote / 36

Appeal by Nobel Peace Prize Winners for a Peaceful Solution to
the Kurdish Problem in Turkey / 37
Endnote / 37

Turkey is Really a Sick Man / 38
by a student in Turkey

Portrait of a Brave Woman: Leyla Zana / 39
by Dr. Pary Karadaghi
Endnotes / 43

Dr. Pary Karadaghi: A Brief Biography / 44

Part II: Kurdish Relations With Other Nations / 49
Great Britain and the Origins of the Kurdish Question in Iraq (1918-1932) / 49
by Eric N. Danielson

Preface / 49
One: The Occupation of Mosul / 50
Two: First Contacts with the Kurds, 1918-1919 / 55
Three: Mahmud’s First Rebellion of 1919 / 58
Four: The Question of Iraq’s Northern Boundary / 59
Five: The Kurdish Rebellion of 1920 / 61
Six: The Cairo Conference of 1921 / 64
Endnotes / 66

Britain Must Push For Kurdish State / 76
Armenians and Kurds Partners in Destiny / 78
by Henry D. Astarjian, M.D.
Endnote / 84

From Early Warning to Rebuilding: Human Rights Policy in the Post-Cold-War Era / 85
by Walt Landry, Ph. D.
Endnotes / 89

Stop the Turks / 90
by William Safire

Part III: Current Affairs in Kurdistan in Iraq / 93
Kurds Must Unite for Their Future / 93
by Badria Najmadin
Think of the Unity for Democracy, Peace and Economic Prosperity in Kurdistan / 93
Economic Problems Are 60% of the Cause / 94
The Struggle Between the Two Major Political Parties,
KDP and PUK, represents another 30% / 95
Different External Elements Compose the Final 10% / 95
Endnotes / 97

The Self-made Tragedy in Iraqi Kurdistan / 98
by Omar Sheikhmous
Interview with Lord Jeffrey Archer About Kurdish Affairs / 107
by Badria Najmadin

Part IV: Studies of the Kurdish Past and Present / 111
The Case of Kurdistan—II. Future of Southern Kurdistan The Frontiers of Mesopotamia / 111
Backing the Wrong Horse / 112
Dependence on Baghdad / 113
A Mountain Barrier / 114
The Case of Kurdistan—HI. Kurds of the North Difficult Problems of Armenia / 115
War Among the Ridges / 117
Lion and Squirrel / 117
Autonomy or Mandate / 120
Hopes of Paris / 120
The Kurdish Republic of Mahabad, Part 2 / 122
(Continued from issue No. 3, page 120)
by Archie Roosevelt, Jr.
Relations With Tabriz and Tehran / 122
Character of Qazi Mohammad and the Kurdish Republic / 131
Anti-Soviet Sentiment / 133
Opposition of the Tribes / 135
Re-establishment of Iranian Control / 135
In Summary / 137
Endnotes / 138

Iranian Kurdistan / 140
by S. Hosseini

Part V: The Evil Regime of Saddam Hussein is a Family Affair? / 146
Iraq is Ruled by Saddam Hussein and His Immediate Relatives / 146
by Abu Mahdi
Qosay and Oday / 149
The Rule of Qaraqosh / 150
Bribery and Corruption in the Ministries of the Interior and Defense in Baghdad / 151
Transferring Officials to the Passport Office for Huge Sums of Money / 151
Corruption in the Ministry of Defense / 152
Colonel Ibrahim Alawi, Director of Baghdad Security was Fired / 152
The Government’s Socialist Bank is Bankrupt / 152
Director General of the Union Cooperatives was Arrested
on Charges of Misappropriating Public Funds / 153
General Arshed Yasin Amen, Husband of Saddam Hussein’s
Half Sister, has Amassed a Huge Wealth of Antiques / 153
A Gypsy Singer / 154
A Gang Is Asking Wealthy Merchants for Ransom in Baghdad / 154
Why Saddam Hussein Executed General Al-Hazaa and His Two Sons / 157
Assassination of Dr. Abd Ali / 157
Regional Command of the Ba’ath Party, Syrian Backed,
Decries the Execution of Seven Ba’athist Party Leaders / 158
Saddam Hussein’s Regime Continues To Produce Microbiological Weapons / 159
The Hotel Al-Hamraa / 159
Warehouses of the Mayorate of Baghdad, Baghdad Al-Jadidah / 160
Areas in Hillah (Babil) Province were Subjected to Chemical Gas and Biological Radiation / 160
Saddam Hussein’s Regime is Killing its Opponents with Thaleom / 161

Saddam Hussein’s Network of Supporters Established by Bribery / 163
Internal Bribes / 164
Foreign Leaders / 164
A Gift to Mumtaz Sosat, Former Turkish Foreign Minister / 165
Vlademir Zhirinovsky’s Visits to Saddam Hussein / 165
Following Their Meeting in Baghdad, Zhirinovsky Demanded
Imprisonment of Yeltsin / 166
Saddam Hussein Grants Russia Two Oil Fields / 167
Three Million Dollar Gift from Saddam Hussein to President of the Society for Developing French-Iraq Relationship / 167
Iraq’s Brutal Decrees: Amputation, Branding and the Death Penalty / 168
Amputation / 169
Branding / 169
The Death Penalty / 170
Cruel Iraqi Punishments Violate International Human Rights Law / 171
Saddam Hussein’s Involvement in Terrorism / 172
Saddam Hussein Lays Off His Relatives From Their High Positions / 174
Endnotes / 175

Part VI: Kurdish Life Experiences / 179
Nalin Baksi: The First Kurdish Member of a Western Parliament / 179
by Margreta Hansen
Kurdish Refugees in a Swedish Church / 181
by Roland Haglund
Democracy Needs People Like Lissy Schmidt / 184
Endnote / 185
by Katarina Bjarvall
The Famous Barazani Family of Rabbis of Kurdistan / 186
by Professor Yona Sabin
Endnote / 188
Refugees in Silopi / 189
by Margreta Hansen
Kurdistan Times

Part VII: Kurdish Literature and Art / 190
Classic and Modem Kurdish Poetry / 190
(Continued from issue No. 3, page 197)
by Ferhad Shakely
A New Era: Big Changes / 190
Towards Modem Poetry / 192
Other Poets of the Goran Generation / 192
Two Unknown Modernists / 193
The New Generation / 194
Endnotes / 195

Separation Is Such a Grief / 196
byMehmed Uzun
Endnote / 205

Do You Know Where Kurdistan is? / 206
by S.B. Sorekili

Kurdish Paintings and the Artists / 209
Dara Aram / 209
The Artist’s Statement / 209
Osman Kadir / 213
The Artist’s Statement / 213
Siyabend Kaya / 215

Part VIII: Prospects for the Kurdish Future / 219
Important Moral Support for the Kurdish National Movement for Independence / 219
Kurdish Cultural Delegation Visited Pope in Vatican / 220
Pope John Paul II Supports Peaceful Solution for the Kurdish Question / 220
Libyan President Muammar Gaddafi Supports Kurdish Independence Movement; Describes as Sacred Movement / 221
Kurdish Parliament-in-Exile Established in the Hague / 222
Kurdish Med TV Formed in Europe / 224
Endnotes / 225

Uncertainty and Freedom in Southern Kurdistan / 227
by Zeynel'Abidin Kaya
Kurdistan, Which Was My Dream an Imagination / 227
The Pleasure and Happiness of Southern Kurdistan / 228
Endnote / 229




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