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State of Flux: Human Rights in Turkey


Auteur : Helsinki Watch
Éditeur : The Watch Committees Date & Lieu : 1987, New York
Préface : Pages : 164
Traduction : ISBN : 0 938579-68-1
Langue : AnglaisFormat : 155x230 mm
Code FIKP : Liv. Eng. Hel. Sta. N° 1762Thème : Général

Présentation
Table des Matières Introduction Identité PDF
State of Flux: Human Rights in Turkey

State of Flux: Human Rights in Turkey

Helsinki Watch

The Watch Committees

Human rights in Turkey are still in a state of flux. This report, the sixth on human rights in Turkey issued by Helsinki Watch since 1982, concludes that positive steps in the areas of free association and assembly are undermined by negative actions such as the continued use of torture in police detention and the incarceration of many thousands of political prisoners. These problems stem from the repressive 1982, Constitution and a series of equally repressive laws. In addition, the report charges that the Kurdish minority in eastern Turkey is routinely denied its ethnic identity: the Kurdish language, culture, customs and history are not recognized by the Turkish government, which denies the existence of the Kurds.
This Helsinki Watch report is based on a fact-finding mission in June 1987 that included a visit to eastern Turkey and on reports in the Turkish press.


Table des Matières


Table of Contents

Introduction / 1

I. Legal Safeguards / 9

II. Fundamental Rights And Freedoms / 19
Freedom of Speech / 19
Freedom of the Press / 20
Freedom to Publish / 25
Academic Freedom / 27
Religious Freedom / 30
Freedom of Movement / 35
Deprivation of Citizenship / 37
Political Freedom / 38
Freedom of Assembly / 40
Freedom of Association / 42
The Turkish Peace Association / 45
Trade Unions / 48
The DISK Trial / 51

III. Torture / 53
Recent Cases of Torture / 61
Punishment of Torturers / 68

IV. THE PRISONS / 73
Political Prisoners / 73
Amnesty / 74
Prison Conditions / 75
Hunger Strikes / 83
Association of Families of Detainees and Convicts / 86
Prison Visits / 86
Improvements in Prison Conditions / 87
Diyarbakir Prison / 88
Death Sentences / 89

V. THE KURDISH MINORITY / .91
Destruction of Ethnic Identity / 91
Diyarbakir Prison / 96
Guerrilla Attacks in the Southeast / 102
The Government’s Response / 105
The Village Guards / 107
Abuse of the Civilian Population / 110
Forced Migration / 116
Three Kurdish Refugees / 121

VI. The Role of the United States and Western
Europe / 131
The United States and Turkey / 131
Western Europe and Turkey / 134

VII. Recommendations / 139

Appendices / 145

Sources / 159

 

 




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