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Psychological Consequences of Trauma Experiences


Éditeur : Compte d'auteur Date & Lieu : 2007, Rotterdam
Préface : Pages : 376
Traduction : ISBN : 978-90-812050-1-6
Langue : AnglaisFormat : 150x215 mm
Code FIKP : Liv. Eng. Kl. Ifw. Psy. N° 4466Thème : Général

Présentation
Table des Matières Introduction Identité PDF
Psychological Consequences of Trauma Experiences

Psychological Consequences of Trauma Experiences

International Free Womens Foundation

Compte d’auteur

Psychological Consequences of Trauma Experiences on the
Development of Migrated Kurdish Women in the European Union
J Final Results and Background 1 of a Survey in
Five European Countries and Turkey

Conducted and Issued Jointly by
International Free Women’s Foundation,
Rotterdam Utrecht University,
Department of Clinical and Health Psychology
Kurdistan Information Office, Paris


Encamên Psîkolojîk ên Serboriyê n Trawmayê
li ser Pêşketina Jinên Kurd ên Penaber li Yekîtiya Ewrûpayê
Encamên Dawiyê û Dîroka Raboriya Anketeke li
Pênc Welatên Ewrûpî û Tirkiyeyê

Bi hevkariya
Weqfa Navneteweyî ya Jinên Azad,
Rotterdam Zanîngeha Utrechtê,
Beşa Psîkolojiya Klînîkê û Tendurustiyê
Navenda Agahdariyan a Kurdistanê,
Parîs hatiye birêvebirin û weşandin
Di ware Aborî de Komîsyona Ewrûpayê
Bernameya Daphne û Weqfa CIBO’yê piştgirî daye
International Free Womens Foundation


Table des Matières


Contents

Preface / 9

About the Editors / 13

Remarks of the External Evaluator / 14

Contributors and Acknowledgments / 17

Chapter I - Introduction / 19

1 General Approach and Background / 19
2 Situation of Kurdish Women in the Four Parts of Kurdistan / 21

2.1 The Kurds - A Stateless Nations History Until 1923 - Abstract / 21
2.2 How Kurdish Women Live / 26
2.2.1 Kurdish Women in Turkey and North Kurdistan / 26
2.2.2 Kurdish Women in Iraq and South Kurdistan / 42
2.2.3 Kurdish Women in Iran and East Kurdistan / 49
2.2.4 Kurdish Women in Syria and Southwest Kurdistan / 57

3 Situation of Kurdish Migrant Women in the European Union / 63

3.1 Migration to Europe / 63
3.2 (In-)Visibility And Stigmatisation of National Identity / 65
3.3 Gender Oppression and Kurdish Womens Emancipation / 66
3.4 Kurdish Migrant Women and Trauma / 68

Chapter II - Results and Findings of the Survey / 71

1 Theoretical Background / 71

1.1 Ethnic Differences and Trauma / 72
1.2 Gender and Trauma / 73
1.3 Internal Versus External Displacement and Trauma / 74
1.4 Acculturation - The Forgotten Factor / 75
1.5 Kurdish Migrant Women in the European Union / 77
1.6 Help-Seeking and Trauma / 81
1.7 PTSD: A Culturally Valid Construct? / 83
1.8 Aim of Study and Research Questions / 85

2 Method / 87

2.1 Design / 87
2.2 Participants and Sample Characteristics / 88
2.3 Instruments / 89
2.4 Procedure / 93
2.5 Statistical Analyses / 96

3 Results / 963.

3.1 Sociodemographics and Mental Health / 96
3.2 Migration and Mental Health / 97
3.3 Traumatic Experiences / 99
3.4 Traumatic Experience and Mental Health / 99
3.5 Other Stresses / 100
3.6 Depressive Reactions / 102
3.7 Panic and Anxiety Reactions / 103
3.8 Posttraumatic Stress Reactions / 103
3.9 Coping and Self Reliance / 103
3.10 Cultural Adaptation / 104
3.11 The Impact of Internal Displacement / 104
3.12 The Impact of Domestic Violence / 105
3.13 Predictors of Mental Health Symptoms / 106
3.14 Predictors of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder / 106
3.15 Comparisons with Other Samples / 106
3.16 Help-Seeking / 107
3.17 Opinions on ‘Onur’ and ‘Namus’ / 109

4 Discussion / 110

4.1 Main Results on Health, Coping, Acculturation and Help-Seeking / 110
4.2 Risk Profiles - The Impact of Internal Displacement / 111
4.3 Methodological Considerations / 113
4.4 Practical and Clinical Implications / 115

Chapter III — Recommendations / 116

Chapter IV — Appendices: / 119

1. Testimonies of Kurdish Refugee Women / 119

1.1 Case 1 — Diyarbakir - Turkey / 119
1.2 Case 2 - Sweden / 124
1.3 Case 3 - Germany / 125
1.4 Case 4 — Germany / 127
1.5 Case 5 - The Netherlands / 130

2 Feedback of a Woman Participating in the Research / 134
3 Questionnaire / 138

Chapter V - Bibliography / 167




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