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The Future of the Iraqi Kurds


Éditeur : Washington Institute for Near East Policy Date & Lieu : 2008, Washington
Préface : Pages : 48
Traduction : ISBN :
Langue : AnglaisFormat : 216x280 mm
Thème : Politique

Présentation
Table des Matières Introduction Identité PDF
The Future of the Iraqi Kurds

The Future of the Iraqi Kurds

In February 2008, a four-member Washington Institute delegation visited the Kurdish Regional Government (KRG) in northern Iraq on a fact-finding mission. The trip proved helpful in analyzing the KRG’s political and economic situation, both domestically and internationally. Following the trip, the delegation identified seven benchmarks for U.S. policymakers and other actors looking to assess the KRG’s prospects:
economic development
political freedom
corruption
security
relations with the United States
relations with the rest of Iraq
relations with Turkey, Syria, and Iran

This Policy Focus includes detailed reports on each of these benchmarks. In chapter 1, Institute visiting fellow David Pollock reports on political freedoms, corruption, and economic development in the KRG. In chapter 2, senior fellow Soner Cagaptay reports on the KRG’s ties to the United States, the rest of Iraq, and Iraq’s neighbors. In the next two chapters, visiting Lafer international fellow Michael Knights analyzes the security benchmark, while Schusterman Young scholar Audrey Flake writes on the oil issue, providing a fuller view of the KRG’s Iraqi and U.S. ties.

Taken together, these trip reports highlight the important implications that the KRG’s internal and external situation hold for U.S. policy. The authors present new findings on a variety of issues, such as the KRG’s financial dependence on Baghdad—a factor that puts the lie to talk of Iraqi Kurdish independence. The report also sheds light on the KRG’s “love-hate relationship” with Iran as well as its policy of eschewing military action against the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK). On the latter point, the authors show how the presence of PKK bases inside the KRG and their use as launch points for terrorist attacks into Turkey continue to haunt Turkish-KRG and Turkish-Iraqi relations alike. Last but not least, this Policy Focus presents important findings on the KRG’s internal political stability and economic situation, debunking assumptions that its markets are booming or that it enjoys billions of dollars in Turkish investment.


Identité

The Future of the Iraqi Kurds

All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. No part of this publication may be reproduced or
transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information
storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.

© 2008 by the Washington Institute for Near East Policy
Published in 2008 in the United States of America by the Washington Institute for Near East Policy,
1828 L Street NW, Suite 1050, Washington, DC 20036.
Design by Daniel Kohan, Sensical Design and Communication
Front cover: Kurdish Regional Government peshmerga survey the terrain south of Dahuk, Iraq, April 1, 2003.
Copyright AP Wide World Photos/Kamran Jebreili.

1828 L Street N.W., Suite 1050 n Washington, DC 20036 n www.washingtoninstitute.org

Soner Cagaptay is a senior fellow and director of the Turkish Research Program at The Washington Institute. His
writings on U.S.-Turkish relations and other issues have appeared in numerous scholarly journals and major international
print media, including Middle East Quarterly, Middle Eastern Studies, Los Angeles Times, Washington
Post, Wall Street Journal, and Newsweek. He also appears regularly on Fox News, CNN, NPR, Voice of America,
al-Jazeera, BBC, CNN-Turk, and al-Hurra. His most recent book is Islam, Secularism, and Nationalism in Modern
Turkey: Who Is a Turk? (Routledge, 2006).
A historian by training, he holds a doctorate from Yale and was the Ertegun professor in Princeton University’s
Department of Near Eastern Studies in 2006–2007. Currently, he serves as a visiting professor at Georgetown
University and chair of the Turkey Advanced Area Studies Program at the State Department’s Foreign Service
Institute.


Audrey Flake is a Schusterman Young scholar at The Washington Institute, working on Iraq-related issues. She holds a bachelor’s degree in international and global studies from Brandeis University.
Michael Knights is a London-based Lafer international fellow of The Washington Institute, specializing in the politics and security of Iraq, Iran, and the Persian Gulf states. Working with the U.S. Department of Defense, he has undertaken extensive research on lessons learned from U.S. military operations in Iraq since 1990. He earned his doctorate at the Department of War Studies, King’s College London, and has worked as a security journalist for the Gulf States Newsletter and Jane’s Intelligence Review. He is currently vice president of Olive Group’s Strategic Analysis and Assessments business, SA2. Dr. Knights is the author of four Institute books on Iraq and the Persian Gulf states, most recently the April 2008 Policy Focus Provincial Politics in Iraq: Fragmentation or New Awakening? His other publications include Cradle of Conflict: Iraq and the Birth of the Modern U.S. Military (U.S. Naval Institute Press, 2005).
David Pollock, a visiting fellow at The Washington Institute, was formerly a senior advisor for the Broader Middle East and a member of the State Department’s Policy Planning Staff. He has also served as chief of Near East/South Asia/Africa research at the U.S. Information Agency, where he was the top authority on public opinion in those regions. In addition to pioneering Institute papers on that subject—including the 1993 Policy Paper The “Arab Street”? Public Opinion in the Arab World and the April 2008 Policy Focus Slippery Polls: Uses and Abuses of Opinion Surveys from Arab States—he authored the June 2007 Policy Focus With Neighbors Like These: Iraq and the Arab States on Its Borders.




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