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Turkey and the Middle East


Auteur : Philip Robins
Éditeur : Royal Institute of International Affairs Date & Lieu : 1991, London
Préface : Pages : 132
Traduction : ISBN : 0-86187-199-5
Langue : AnglaisFormat : 140x215 mm
Code FIKP : Liv. Eng. Rob. Tur. N° 3285Thème : Politique

Présentation
Table des Matières Introduction Identité PDF
Turkey and the Middle East

Turkey and the Middle East

Philip Robins


Royal Institute


Turkey’s importance in the Middle East increased steadily as the Gulf crisis of 1990-91 developed. However, its potential as a major actor in Middle Eastern affairs has been largely overlooked because of its persistent desire to play a role in Europe. This study begins by assessing the effect of political currents in the region on the internal politics of Turkey, and then proceeds to examine Turkish interests and ambitions in the context of the continuing Arab-lsraeli dispute, the Gulf conflict during the 1980s and the 1990 Iraqi invasion of Kuwait. Turkey's economic relations with the Middle Eastern countries are also treated in detail. Finally, the study considers Turkey’s future political, economic and strategic role in the Middle East, arguing that it needs greater recognition and greater intaggption in international affairs.


Dr Philip Robins is head of the Middle East Programme at the Royal Institute of International Affairs. He has written widely on Iraq, Jordan and the Gulf, and appeared frequently on radio and television during the Gulf crisis in 1990-91. Previously he worked at the Economist Intelligence Unit, and as a journalist based in the Middle East.


Table des Matières


Contents

Acknowledgments / ix

1 Introduction / 1

2 Turkey’s uncertain identity / 3
Identity of the people / 3
Identity of the state / 9

3 Historical reference points / 17
The Ottoman legacy / 17
Disputed territories / 21
The Baghdad Pact / 24

4 Middle Eastern issues and domestic stability / 28
The Kurds / 28
Politics and Islam/ 37

5 Living in a tough neighbourhood / 47
The regional setting / 48
Relations with Syria / 49
Relations with Iran / 53
Relations with Iraq / 58

6 Foreign policy principles and the Gulf crisis / 65
Foreign policy principles / 65
Turkey and the Gulf crisis / 67
A new regional policy orientation? / 72

7 Turkey and the Arab-Israeli conflict / 74
A historical overview / 74
Contemporary relations / 80
Recurrent factors in Turkish policy-making / 82

8 The politics of water / 87
Water: a strategic resource / 87
The Euphrates dispute / 88
Peace pipeline / 96

9 Turkey’s economic relations with the Middle East / 100
Turkey’s oil crisis / 100
The period of expansion / 101
Consolidating the relationship / 107
Prospects for the future / 111

10 Conclusion / 114

Notes / 118




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