Political events in Iraq have been moving at a breath-taking speed. The last Cabinet reshuffle, in six Right Wing Ministers were relieved of their posts and replaced by more national democratic elements, coupled with restoration and extension of the democratic liberties consolidated the position of the Republican Government, led by Premier Kassem, and brought about the gradual isolation of the extreme Right and the disintegration of their mass organisation the Baath which had become the centre of attraction for the remnants of the former reactionary regime including many feudal elements, turning in fact into the main downright counter-revolutionary and fascist grouping.
Deprived of popular support the Baathist switchedo ver to conspiracies, in close co-operation with the ruling neo-fascist 'Nationalist Union' clique in the U.A.R.
The counter-revolutionary and openly fascist Shawaf mutiny in Mosul was nothing but a manifestation of the feverish attempts by these reactionary elements to destroy the Republican order and hold the march of democracy by forcing the integration of Iraq with U.A.R.
It was launched under the convenient cloak of 'Arab Nationalism' to shelter the criminal plotters. Having lost their popular basis they turned towards the U.A.R. authorities, to the former Pashas who had their own axe to grind, to rescue them from an inevitable doom.
The upper circles of the U.A.R. , bent on the domination of the Arab world especially the annexation of oil rich Iraq, were ready for aggression.
They also raised 'the slogan of 'Arab Nationalism' (sometimes co-operative democratic Socialism !) to cover up their expansionist designs, although few years ago, the same people were hard at it to prove their Pharaoh origin and nationality!
The plot, however, mis-fired rather backfired owing to the firm stand taken by the Republican forces led by Premier Kassem and the heroic resistance of the masses in Mosul. It is a matter for pride that our Kurdish people took a positive role in smashing that dirty plot (it was reported that five thousand armed Kurds took up positions on the hills and a thousand fighters entered Mosul and joined the other Republican forces).
Needless to say, integration and federation are both out of question as long as the anti-Iraqi policy of the U.A.R. continues, for one does not unite with an enemy. Federation, too, is out since it will serve as a screen for further plots.
The crushing of the Shawaf plot was followed by the formal withdrawal from the hated Baghdad Pact, limited purges in the state apparatus, the partial arming of the popular resistance forces and the signing of the Iraqi Soviet Economic Agreement. We welcome these moves and congratulate the Republican Government and its leader Premier Kassem, on their great achievements.
The £50 million Soviet loan covering the cost of many economic projects will doubtless contribute towards raising the standard of living of the people of Iraq.
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Guided by the Provisional Republican Constitution, the Iraqi Government has taken further steps to satisfy the just national rights of the Kurdish people. The return of the rest of the Kurdish refugees in the U.S.S.R. has been facilitated, the four Kurdish patriotic officers executed by the old regime have been posthumously rehabilitated, Newroz has been recognised as the national feast of the Kurdish people, Government advertisements have been authorised to appear in Kurdish for the first time and many more Kurdish journals have been published (including political newspapers which were banned by the former regime).
Above all the Government has decided to set up an 'Education Directorate of Kurdistan' to serve as an independent cultural unit devoted entirely to Iraqi Kurdistan.
This is a democratic gain of tremendous significance. It is a practical recognition of ...